Thursday, December 17, 2015

Unto God belong the East and the West

Unto God belong the East and the West


PART - 2

Praise belongs to Allah, Who is Sufficient for us. And, glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon His chosen servants. Fa-‘uu-zu  bIllaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. Bis-mIllaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim. Assalaam o Alaikum wa RahmatUllaahi wa Barakaatuhuu.

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verse –142 of 286, Section –17 of 40 (Part - 2)

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

And the foolish of the people will say: What hath turned them from the qiblah which they formerly observed? Say: Unto Allah belong the East and the West. He guideth whom He will unto a straight path.
SA-YAQUULUS-SUFA-HAAA-‘U  minan-naasi maa wallaahum ‘an- Qiblati-himul-latii kaanuu ‘alayhaa. Qul-lIllaahil-Mashriqu wal-Magrib. Yahdii many-yashaaa-‘u ‘ilaa Siraatim- Mustaqiim.


‘As-Sufa-haaa-‘u  minan-naas – (the foolish of the people) Sufa-haaa is plural of the word safiah that means childish, low, stupid, foolish. So aim from ‘As-Sufa-haaa-‘u  minan-naas is; the people who protest and criticize the Commands of God Almighty. Here, the indication is towards the Children of Israel.

Qiblah – The thing which is in front, that is to say, the direction and place turning towards which; the prayers are offered and worship is done, namely Center of Attention, side and direction to turn for worship. The Qiblah of the Children of Israel was the Temple or the City of Jerusalem. Till the time the Messenger of Allah Almighty (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) remained in Makkah, He used to turn His face unto Jerusalem. After migration, He continued that Qiblah. But He used to desire over and over to make His Qiblah to the Khana Ka’-bah (The Square Building at Mecca), which was constructed by the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him). But He (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) was waiting for the Command of God Almighty. At last, He (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) was commanded to change the Qiblah after migration to Madinah, passing there sixteen or thirteen months.

When the Children of Israel knew about the change of Qiblah, they persecuted in opposition of it. They criticized of various sorts that formerly, they used to offer their prayers turning towards the first Qiblah (the Temple at the City of Jerusalem), which was the Qiblah of the old times Prophets (peace be upon Them). What happened with them now that they have left that Qiblah, they have made the Ka’-bah as their Qiblah. Some of them used to say that it has been done due to jealousy and enmity of the Children of Israel.

The Holy Qur’an replied their objections, “O Messenger! Tell them that we have not changed the Qiblah due to jealously or bigotry, but it has been changed with the Command of Allah Almighty.

The East or the West, every direction is of Allah Almighty. Everything of each direction is in His Control and Knowledge. Guidance is with Him also. He bestows with His Guidance and Message to whom He desires.  

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)