Monday, December 7, 2015

Abraham stood to pray in the House of God at Mecca

Abraham stood to pray in the House of God at Mecca, Which was constructed by Him and His son Ishmael

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verse –125 of 286, Section – 15 of 40 ( Part - 1)

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful 
And when We made the House (at Makkah) a resort for mankind and Sanctuary, (saying): Take as your place of worship the place where Abraham stood (to pray). And We imposed a duty upon Abraham and Ishmael, (saying): Purify My House for those who go around and those who meditate therein and those who bow down and prostrate themselves (in worship).  
Wa ‘iz ja-‘alNal-Bayta masaabatal-linnaasi wa  ‘am-naa.  Wattakhizuu mim-Ma-qaami  ‘Ibraahiima musallaa.  Wa ‘ahidNaa ‘ilaaa  ‘Ibraa-hiima wa  ‘Ismaa-iila  ‘an- tahhiraa Baytiya  littaaa-‘ifiina wal-‘aa-kifiina   war-rukka-is-sujuud.

‘Al-Bayta – {the House (at Makkah)}, literally, meaning of Bayt is ‘a House’. ‘Al-Bayt-Ullaah- al-Haraam  (a Sacred House of God Almighty i.e. Ka’bah). This Square Building is in Makkah, the Respected Place. It is the oldest place for worship of God Almighty on the earth. The Holy Qur’an has proclaimed also that it is the first and the oldest place for worship. It is also called The House of Allah, Bayt Ullah and Qiblah.  

Masaabatan – (a resort, a place for assembly/gathering) this word has been derived from suub, which means “to return unto its original form”. So Masaabatan means “the place towards which the mankind inclines over and over and never feels discomfort coming back again and again”. It is the virtue of Al-Bayt-Ullaah- al-Haraam that the people come in again and again for Hajj (Pilgrimage) and they do not be weary of it.

Linnaasi – (for mankind), it signifies towards the common people, who come for pilgrimage. The individuals assemble around Al-Bayt-Ullaah- al-Haraam from every part of the world, every country and territory, every year for Hajj and Umrah (Pilgrimage).

‘Am-naa – (Sanctuary, sacred and protected place), the Building of Ka’ba (The House of Allah) and its all surrounding area, has been included in Haram. Killing any mankind or hunting any living creature is totally forbidden. Before Islam, the killers and criminals used to take shelter between the walls of The House of Allah.

 Ma-qaami  ‘Ibraahiima – (the place, where Abraham stood to pray and constructed the building of The House of Allah). This stone has been saved in a small chamber a little distance away from the building of The House of Allah. After the completion of seven rounds around the The House of Allah during pilgrimage, two rak’at prayers are offered in front of this chamber. This virtue has much future reward.

Musallaa – (place of worship) in Arabic language, all those places will be called musallaa where the prayers may be offered.

‘AhidNaa – (We imposed a duty).

‘Ismaa-iila – (Ishmael), He was the elder son of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Them). He had twelve sons and from them twelve races were grown. The famous tribe of Arab “Quraish” is from His (peace be upon Him) race. He is one of the Forefathers of Last Messenger Muhammad (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him). Duty for building the The House of Allah was imposed to Him and His father Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Them).

Tahhiraa – (Purify), this word has been made from Tahaarat that means cleanliness. It includes meaningful cleanliness also besides outward cleanliness, that is to say; purify the The House of Allah from un-cleanliness of infidelity and plurality.

Baytiya – (My House), Allah Almighty has called the The House of Allah - My House. Intent from it is to disclose the greatness and grandeur of the The House of Allah.

 ‘Ittaaa-‘ifiina – (those, who go around), at the time of pilgrimage, it is duty of every Pilgrim that he/she should revolve around the House of God Almighty (The House of Allah) seven rounds. It was proclaimed first of all in the The House of Allah about Oneness of God. So revolving around it is like a promise with tongue, that central spot of our entire lives, the entire acts and worships, is only the Oneness of God Almighty.
‘Aa-kifiina – (those, who meditate therein) To necessitate staying at any place for reverence. According to the Divines phrase, ‘i’-tikaaf means to stay in the mosque for the purpose of worship for a particular period. ‘I’-tikaaf is a practice (Sunnah) of Prophet Muhammad (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) during the last ten days of the Month of Ramadhan.

Mention of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) begins from here, so that it may be proved to the Children of Israel, “What were His teachings (peace be upon Him) to whom they accept their forefather and are proud of it?” Then it may also be noted that God Almighty commanded this glorious and respectable Prophet (peace be upon Him), “You will be made Leader of the people due to your sacrifices but this dignity and honor will not be given to the wrongdoers from your race”. Because the Children of Israel have given up the straight and actual path, so snatching from them this honor is being transferred to the second branch of the Prophet Abraham’s Children i.e. the Children of Ishmael (peace be upon Them).       

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)