A Review on the First Part of Holy Quran
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
Praise be to Allah, Lord of the worlds that we have completed First Part of the Holy Qu’an lesson by lesson with the Mercy and Favors of God Almighty. Now we are going to discuss the summary of all its lessons so that comprehension of the Holy Qur’an may be understood in a few words.
It was stated in the introduction of Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) that main topic of this Surah is to teach the Muslims; which may grow sound character and behavior into them after this learning. Following their religion and morality, they may get utmost success and victory of this world and the Hereinafter. It was necessary to teach them about pure religion and code of good morality that difference between religions, customs and beliefs be effaced of all the nations and religious sects which are populated in the world, their weaknesses be disclosed and they be taught about the Straight Path.
At first, it has been explained about the necessity of inspiration and revelation in the First Part of Holy Qur’an and stated that this Scripture is a revealed Holy Book. The individual, who will accept Its teachings and obey its commands, will find the Straight Path and will succeed.
Then it was told that three types of the people will grow in reply to the Holy Qur’an:
• Those people, who will accept the teachings of Holy Qur’an and will be bound on its orders/instructions, they will get every type of success.
• Those, who will oppose it strictly and will keep enmity with its Believers, these Infidels will be entitled to heavy agony and anguish.
• Those people who will belong to above both groups, Muslim in the Muslims and Infidel in the Infidels (Hypocrites), they will get painful agony.
Then, after advising the Infidels and the Hypocrites, their attention is drawn towards the Law of Allah Almighty and has been told that only those individuals criticize the Revelation, who have three types of diseases into them:
• Weak faith
• Feeble nature
• Mean wisdom
After that, it is commanded that the Religion is filled in the nature of mankind. So it is compulsion of the human being to incline towards the Revelation of God Almighty. Accordingly, when Prophet Adam (peace be upon Him) was appointed as Caliph (Viceroy) and then was sent on the earth, He (peace be upon Him) remained confused. God Almighty revealed some Words on Him, which became cause of satisfaction of His heart (peace be upon Him).
Then light is thrown on the necessity of the Holy Qur’an. In this subject three defects of the Jews have been narrated:
And they have been informed that they had involved in evil deeds and misconduct, so the Sovereignty was snatched from them. After this, it has been stated that they cannot do the work of invitation and command to be mingled with the Muslims too. Under this subject, wrong beliefs and false-loving of their people, scholars and rich men have been mentioned.
Then, it has been explained that the Children of Israel are not able to become gentle public as the Muslims. So the Muslims have been told that they should discontinue their relations with them.
After that, remembrance of the prayer of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him), construction of Khana Ka’-bah (the House of Allah) (the Temple at Makkah), Divine Mission of the last Messenger of God Almighty (Muhammad), His (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) morality, good manners, courtesy and Muslim Ummah (nation) has been explained.