Real path is cleared well by God through His Last Messenger
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verses –120 & 121 of 286, Section – 14 of 40 ( Part - 1)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
And the Jews will not be pleased with thee, nor will the Christians, till thou follow their creed. Say: Lo! The Guidance of Allah is the Guidance. And if thou shouldst follow their desires after the knowledge which hath come unto thee, then wouldst thou have from Allah no protecting friend nor helper.
Wa lan- tarzaa ‘ankal- Yahuudu wa lan-Nasaaraa hattaa tattabi-‘a millatahum. Qul ‘inna Hudal-laahi huwal-Hudaa. Wa la-‘init-taba’-ta ‘ahwaaa-‘ahum ba’-dallazii jaaa-‘aka minal-‘ilmi, maa laka minallaahi minw-waliyyinw-wa laa nasiir.
Millatahum – (their creed, religion, faith, routine, practice, way).
‘Ahwaaa-‘ahum – (their desires, wishes) ‘Ahwaaa means those thoughts and opinions, foundation of which is not upon the knowledge or the reality but on sensual wishes.
The Children of Israel and the Christians were so much envious that whether Messenger of God Almighty (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) behaved with them how much with sympathy or had shown partiality, they heard never and disbelieved always in His (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) Sayings/word. They might be pleased only when the last Messenger (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) would have accepted/embraced their religion.
God Almighty commands that the true religion and real way of guidance is only that, which He has revealed on His Last Prophet (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him), that is to say; worship of God Almighty and good works. As much as the groups have been raised separately, they all have been produced by human astray. The individuals, who will leave the straight path intentionally, will be punished rigorously and will not find any protecting friend or helper of them.
Two things have been cleared entirely from this verse:
• The religion of the people of The Scripture has been changed so much that there has remained nothing except their desires and false wishes.
• The real path is that, which has been cleared well by God Almighty through His Last Messenger (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) for the human beings.
Those unto whom We have given the Scripture, who read it with the right reading. Those believe in it. And whoso disbelieveth in it, those are they who are the losers.
‘Allaziina ‘aatay-naahu-mul-Kitaaba yatluunahuu haqqa tilaawatih. ‘Ulaaa-‘ika yu’-minuuna bih. Wa many-yakfur bihii fa-‘ulaaa-‘ika humul-khaasiruun.
Haqqa tilaawatih – (the right of its reading), tilaawat means reading. The word tuloo is its origin. Literal meaning of this word is ‘to follow’. So this sentence aims that those people, who have a right to read the Scripture of God Almighty. That is to say; they also act upon it, they follow the instructions guided in it and they do not decrease or increase in it.
‘Allaziina ‘aatay-Naahu-mul-Kitaaba – (Those people to whom We have given the Scripture), it signifies towards the Children of Israel and the Christians.
Result of making groups in the religion was mentioned in the last verse. Namely, the soul of following the teachings of the groups is working in place of truth-loving and looking the reality. The people do not observe any individual’s belief and deeds. They see only that whether any person belongs to their group or not. While the sense of people becomes so, then it is clear that the arguments and proofs cannot produce effects. All the proofs become useless for the people, whether how much true and real facts are produced.
It has been mentioned in today’s lesson that if the people of the Scriptures adopt honesty, sincerity and friendship, leaving anger, lustful-ness and stubbornness, and recite their Holly Books whole heartily, then they might be convinced on the truth of Holy Qur’an and the Last Messenger (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him), and will believe in Prophet-hood of Muhammad (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him).
The people, who change and distort their Holy Books and don’t be attentive with good intentions, they would never be convinced on the truth of Holy Qur’an. They are involved in anger, stubbornness, sensual desires and group making. If it is done by them then they will remain involved in infidelity forever. They will use to reject the truth continuously. Resultant, they will suffer loss in this world and will be ruined on the Day of Resurrection.