Wednesday, December 30, 2015

Carrion, Blood, Swine-flesh and that which has been immolated to the name of any other than God are forbidden

Carrion, Blood, Swine-flesh and that which has been immolated to the name of any other than God are forbidden

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verses – 172 & 173 of 286, Section –21 of 40 (Part - 2)


BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful 



172.  O ye who believe! Eat of the good things which We have provided you, and render thanks to Allah if it is (indeed) He Whom ye worship.  

173a. He hath forbidden you only carrion, and blood, and swine-flesh, and that which hath been immolated to (the name of) any other than Allah.      
172.  Yaaa-‘ayyuhallaziina  ‘aa-manuu  kuluu min-  tayyibaati  maa  razaqNaakum  washkuruu  LIllaahi  in-kuntum  ‘iyyaahu  ta’- buduun.

173a.  ‘Innamaa  harrama  ‘alay-kumul-  may-tata  waddama  wa lahmal-khin-ziiri  wa  maaa ‘u-hilla  bihii  li-gayRIllaah.

Lesson

Allah Almighty has reminded again His blessings in this verse and commanded that He has created uncountable pure and fine things. The human being should not restrict himself from them and eat them without hesitation. It is the demand of the real worship of God Almighty that the human being should enjoy His blessings and favors. The mankind should gratitude to God Almighty and should not ascribe any partner with Him.

Then some forbidden things are being described here:

‘Al-may-tatu – (carrion, dead animal) that is to say; the animal which dies itself or killed, but not slaughtered according to the Divine Law. Like this, if any piece of meat has been cut from the body of a living animal; that also will be counted as impure. There are only two animals like, which are legal without slaughtering them i.e. Fish and Locust.

In addition to the carrion - blood, and swine-flesh, and those animals which have been immolated to the name of any other than God Almighty are included in the forbidden things.
 
Lahmal-khin-ziiri – (swine-flesh), it has been mentioned clearly in the Holy Qur’an that hog, pig, boar, swine-flesh and its bacon is forbidden. From the investigations, it has been proved that this is the most shameless and immodest animal and its flesh has many moral and physical bad effects. The nations which eat the swine-flesh are its living proof.   

 Maaa ‘u-hilla  bihii  li-gayRIllaah – (which has been immolated to (the name of) any other than God Almighty), namely the animal which is slaughtered or altered to the name of other than Allah Almighty. Literal meanings of ‘U-hilla is to elevate the voice and call aloud.
  
173b.  But he who is driven by necessity, neither craving nor transgressing, it is no sin for him. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.        
173b.  Fa-maniz-turra  gayra  baaginw-wa  laa  ‘aadin- falaaa  ‘isma  ‘alayh.  ‘InnAllaaha  Gafuurur-Rahiim.

Lesson

‘Az-turra – (who is driven by necessity), the word ‘iz-ta-raarun is its infinitive mood. Zaruu-rat has come out from its matter. Zaruu-rat means necessity. It signifies that if it has become compulsory for the human being and it will not be possible for him to remain alive; then under this compulsion form, he is allowed to eat unlawful/forbidden food at the very least quantity of which is permissible only, so that he may live. For instance; either food is not attainable and there is nothing except forbidden thing or due to poverty, lawful food cannot be obtained or the use of forbidden thing is necessary for any disease on the advice of a skillful doctor. In such conditions, the forbidden things are permitted to be used in as minimum quantity as it is necessary to save one’s life.

Gayra  baagin – ( not to disobey, not to crave, to execute the command), gayra  baagin  means that the individual, who eats the forbidden food, his intention or will should not be to crave or break the law. He wishes to save his life only because to save the life is also His (God Almighty) command.
 
Laa  ‘aadin – (not to transgress), that is to say; the individual should not be deviator, sinner of crossing the limitations of Divine. If he has to eat under compulsion form, he should not take much, he should eat only that quantity with which he may save his life. 

Gafuur – (Forgiving), that is to say; so much Forgiver and Merciful that sometimes He doesn’t punish on our sins, moreover, the sins are not considered as sins by Him (God Almighty, for example whenever we use the forbidden thing in any situation of compulsion; He doesn’t bind and does not punish us.

Allah Almighty has prescribed lawful in some cases to the forbidden things due to His excellent Mercy and kindness. But there is a condition for it that the human being has been compelled due to any reason as it would have become impossible for saving his life, and secondly; he should not use the forbidden item to get taste but only too less quantity that he may save his life only because saving the life is a incumbent.

In the situation of compulsion, not eating these things is a sin also because saving the life is first duty. Like these situations, it is equal to suicide and it is clear that the act of suicide is forbidden.

We should refrain from the forbidden things totally and whenever, it becomes necessary for us to use them; then we should keep the intention good and use at the very least quantity.    
 
 Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)