Eat of that which is lawful and wholesome in the earth
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verses – 168 & 169 of 286, Section –21 of 40 (Part - 2)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
O mankind! Eat of that which is lawful and wholesome in the earth, and follow not the footsteps of the devil. Lo! He is an open enemy for you.
Yaaa-‘ayyuhan-naasu kuluu mimmaa fil-‘arzi Halaalan- tay-yibaa. Wa laa tattabi-‘uu khutuwaatish-Shay-taan. ‘In-nahuu lakum ‘aduw-wum-mu-biin.
In this verse, God Almighty addressed the entire human beings and declared the difference between lawful and unlawful, and determined compulsory two conditions for the eatables and drinkable things:
· It should be lawful
· It should be pure and clean
Halaalun – the thing, which is not forbidden by Allah Almighty from eating or drinking; and which has not been disliked or not fixed as unlawful, for example: water, vegetables, meat, pulses etc. are called lawful in accordance with the Divine law.
Tay-yiban – (pure, clean, fine, nice), those things, which are lawful including pure and clean from filth and nastiness are Tay-yiban.
Applying two conditions by Islam in the food (lawful and pure) have produced a very great excellence. Due to these principles, every that thing, which is not pure and clean, is dangerous or harmful for human body and soul, or that has not gotten lawfully, for eating, drinking or use of it is forbidden.
The Messenger of Allah Almighty (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) took too much care for the pure, clean and lawful that those things, smell of which affects usually ill upon the health, declared odious and their use, before coming to the mosque, has been prohibited by Him (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him), so that, it might not affect bad on the nature of the devout associates.
The Arabs had declared some things unlawful at their own; for instance; the animals were left free in the name of idols and likewise; some other kinds of food. And they began to use some forbidden things also like milk of a suckling’s mother. Islam forbade from it. Accordingly, there is a Saying of the Prophet (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him), “The person whose food is unlawful, clothes are unlawful and meal is also unlawful, how his prayer might be accepted?”
Allah Almighty commanded that the people, who don’t care about lawful, pure and clean, they follow the Devil and the Devil is the worst enemy of the human being. He will never be the well-wisher of the mankind.
He enjoineth upon you only the evil and the foul, and that ye should tell concerning Allah that which ye know not.
‘Innamaa ya’-murukum- bis-suuu-‘i wal-fah-shaaa-‘i wa ‘an- taquuluu ‘alAllaahi maa laa ta’-lamuun.
As-suuu-‘u – evil/bad thing (intellectually and legally)
‘Al-fah-shaaa-‘u – (foul, shamelessness and disliked due to morality and respect, the words fahash (indecent, frivolous) and faahishah (shameless, unchaste) have also been derived from it.
Two characteristics of Satan (the Devil) have been described in this verse:
1. He teaches evil and fouls always to the human being. The mankind should never hope for advantage/benefit from the Devil because it is his nature that he is stained entirely in the evil, filth, foul, depravity and impurity/pollution, and he wishes to keep stained the human beings too. He excites every time for any kind of wickedness, quarrel, sedition, mischief and bustle, and stands in the way of goodness. The entire those wishes and works, which are fatal for human brotherhood and humanity itself, all are entered in the evil and foul. To create a mischief in the safety and peace of the society, to sow dissension among mutual brotherhood and fraternity, to extirpate the union and cooperation, not to fulfill the rights of the servants, it means that the entire works, due to which, tumult spreads, belong to mischievous and devilish.
2. The Devil induces the human beings to tell the people false, self-invented by themselves talks and show that these are from the commands of God Almighty, while Allah Almighty has never commanded for those things, but the followers of the Devil do all that, for reaping casual advantages of frail things, worldly temptation and greediness of the wealth.
This disease had become common in the scholars of the Children of Israel. For deceiving the public, they used to tell the useful for them; self-invented talks and used to say that it was from God Almighty. Resultant the foundation of their religion became hollow and they failed for future.
We should learn from this verse that we should neither take part in the evil deeds and foul, and nor tell the public false and self-invented matters because these both works belong to Satan.