Friday, December 11, 2015

Abraham and Jacob enjoined upon their sons: Die not save as men who have surrendered unto God

Abraham and Jacob enjoined upon their sons: Die not save as men who have surrendered unto God

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verses – 131 to 133 of 286, Section – 16 of 40 ( Part - 1)

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

131.  When his Lord said unto him: Surrender! He said: I have surrendered to the Lord of the Worlds.

132.  And the same did Abraham enjoin upon his sons, and also Jacob, (saying): O my sons! Lo! Allah hath chosen for you the (true) religion, therefore die not save as men who have surrendered (unto Him).
131.  ‘Iz qaalAllahuu Rabbu-huuu ‘aslim, qaala ‘aslamtu li-Rabbil- ‘Aalamiin.

132.  Wa wassaa bihaaa  ‘Ibraahiimu  baniihi wa Ya’-quub. Yaa-baniyya  ‘innAllaahas-tafaa  lakumud-Diina falaa tamuu-tunna  ‘illaa wa  ‘antum-Muslimuun.


‘Aslim – (Surrender, be obedient), other meanings are ‘Embrace Islam’, that is to say, “Give yourself completely in the charge of One God Almighty”. Accept His entire Commands and consider your duty to obey His all the Orders in every matter of your life. Islam has also been derived from this word, which has basic meanings ‘to provide peace, to wish well-being and safety, to yield”. 

Ya’-quub – (the Prophet Jacob (peace be upon Him), He was grandson of the Prophet Abraham and son of the Prophet Isaac (peace be upon Them). His surname was the Israel. So His (peace be upon Him) Children were named as the Children of Israel.

‘As-tafaa – (has chosen), ‘astafa means to choose, to purify from the adulteration. The word Mus-tafaa has also come out from it, which means ‘chosen, respectable and selected’ (Messenger Muhammad – grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him).

All the people of the Scripture and the Idolaters of Makkah used to claim that they embrace the religion of their Ancestors. They shall remain on it forever. And they shall never embrace any fresh religion. The Holy Qur’an described these people mentioning about The Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) that the Ancestors, to whom you believe and of which the religion you claim to follow, They have instructed already to their followers/generation to follow the religion, to which They were following Themselves, that is the religion of the Oneness of God and Islamic nation. So if you admit Them as your religious leaders and Spiritual Guides, then you should know that Their real religion was the religion towards which; Holy Qur’an is inviting you. Now you should believe in it. Prophet Abraham and Prophet Jacob (peace be upon Them) have advised their children to die obeying Allah Almighty. Time of the death is uncertain. That’s why it means, “remain Muslims always and provide place to the Faith in your hearts every time”. 

Or were ye present when death came to Jacob, when he said unto his sons: What will ye worship after me? They said: We shall worship thy God, the God of thy fathers, Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac, One God, and unto Him we have surrendered.
‘Am kuntum shuha-daaa-a’  ‘iz hazara  Ya’-quubal-mawtu,  ‘iz qaala li-baniihi  maa ta’-buduuna mim- ba’dii.  Qaaluu na’-budu ‘Ilaahaka wa ‘Ilaaha  ‘aabaaa-‘ika  ‘Ibraahiima wa ‘Ismaa-‘iila Wa ‘Ishaaqa  ‘Ilaahanw-Waa-hidaa. Wa nahnu   lahuu Muslimuun.


Hazara  Ya’-quubal-mawtu – (death came to Jacob), it aims that when the time of death reached and the Prophet Jacob (peace be upon Him) viewed its signs.  

‘Ishaaqa – (Isaac), He was second son of Prophet Abraham and younger brother of Prophet Ishmael. His mother named Sara was the first wife of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Them).

In this verse the Children of Israel are being addressed that, “As you say about your self-made and false theories that these are from our Ancestors and refuse to embrace Islam, Were you present at that time when Prophet Jacob (peace be upon Him) asked from His sons before death about the Worshiped and they replied that we shall worship of that Worshiped whose worship was being done by your grandfather; Prophet Abraham, your father’s brother Prophet Ishmael and your father Prophet Isaac” (peace be upon Them).
Today, while the Holy Qur’an is inviting the People of the Scripture towards the same religion, they are turning their faces from it and going astray.

That religion, which was adopted by Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) and towards which the Holy Qur’an is inviting today, that is verily the worship of One God and well-doings. Which individual or nation will turn away from these two basic principles, it will go astray and fall away from the religion of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him), he will be forfeited from getting the Right of Guidance.   

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)