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Appointment of Abraham as a Leader of Mankind

Appointment of Abraham as a Leader of Mankind

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verses –122 to 124a of 286, Section – 15 of 40 ( Part - 1)



BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful 

122.   O Children of Israel! Remember My favour wherewith I favoured you and how I preferred you to (all) creatures.

123.   And guard (yourselves) against a Day when no soul will in aught avail another, nor will compensation be accepted from it, nor will intercession be of use to it; nor will they be helped.

122.    Yaa-Baniii- ‘Israaa-‘iilaz-kuruu ni’-matiyallaTiii ‘an-‘am-tu ‘alaykum wa ‘anNii fazzaltukum ‘alal-‘aalamiin.

123.    Wattaquu Yawmal-laa tajzii nafsun ‘an-nafsin- shay-‘anw-wa laa yuqbalu minhaa ‘adlunwa-wa laa tanfa-‘uhaa shafaa-‘atunw-wa laa hum yunsaruun.

Lesson
 
We have learnt the lessons on these both verses in lesson #55 and 60 (verse – 40 & 47). Recitation about the Children of Israel had been commenced from there and till now their scientific doctrinal and practical weaknesses are being explained. They have been invited also towards the Straight Path that is to say, Islam. It has been proved by means of clear and bright evidences that the Last Prophet (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) is on the Truth, a true Prophet, and it is necessary for every individual to believe in Him (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) and remain steadfast on His teachings. The Children of Israel were also instructed to adopt the straight path of Allah Almighty giving up anger, opposition, making religious groups among them and stubbornness.

Now they are being reminded again for those things and notifying consequences of the Day of Resurrection. In this world a person can be saved by the help of any other person, reward or penalty and by recommendations or power/influence. But to Allah Almighty, nothing will be helpful out of these things. Just every individual’s own acts and deeds will be helpful there. Tributes, fines, recommendations, friendship or help of anyone else will become useless on the Doomsday.

And (remember) when his Lord tried Abraham with (His) commands, and he fulfilled them. He said: Lo! I have appointed thee a leader for mankind. (Abraham) said: And of my offspring (will there be leaders)? He said: My covenant includeth not wrongdoers.
Wa ‘izibtalaaa ‘Ibraahii-ma Rabbuhuu bi-Kalimaatin,  fa- ‘atammahunn. Qaala  ‘Innii  jaa- ‘iluka lin-naasi  ‘Imaamaa.  Qaala  wa min-zurriyyatii.  Qaala laa yanaalu  ‘abdiz-zaa-limiin.
  
Lesson
 
Ibraahii-ma: (Abraham) every person knows about the name of this great respectable Prophet (blessing on Him). He was most glorious grandfather of our Prophet, the Last Messenger of God Almighty, Muhammad (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him).  His native land was Babel and His father’s name was Aazar.  Out of His Children; two races were grown, one from the Children of Prophet Isaac (blessing on Him) and the other from the Children of Prophet Ishmael (blessing on Him). The Prophets from the first race/chain are called Israeli Prophets (blessing on Them), for example Prophet Solomon (blessing on Him), Prophet David (blessing on Him), Prophet Moses (blessing on Him) and Prophet Jesus Christ (blessing on Him). From the second family (Ishmaeli), there was only one; our Prophet Muhammad (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him).

Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) is called the grandfather of the Prophets (blessing on Them). Besides the Muslims, all others, like the Children of Israel and the Christians respect Him.

Izibtalaaa: (when tried/examined), this word has been derived from Baliihi. Its meanings are calamity, testing and trouble. Allah Almighty examined this Prophet of Him (blessing on Him) with many tests. For example, Sculptor and Idolater father threatened to drive Him out from his house, His nation frightened to banish from the Country and the King put Him into fire but He didn’t abstain from Islam and remained steadfast on the right path. Then God Almighty commanded to leave His wife and child in the forest and to sacrifice His child also. He obeyed all these orders too. Besides these trials, He (blessing on Him) was tried by some more tests and He succeeded in all.
 
Imaama: (a leader, a spiritual guide), this leadership of Prophet Abraham (blessing on Him) was not only for spiritual and religious guidance but Allah Almighty blessed Him with betterment in politics also. He (peace be upon Him) became a real leader and priest in His times. The People accepted His leadership.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)