God will be Judge on the Day of Resurrection
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verses –113 & 114 of 286, Secs – 14 of 40 (Part - 1)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
And the Jews say the Christians follow nothing (true), and the Christians say the Jews follow nothing (true); yet both are readers of the Scripture. Even thus speak those who know not. Allah will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection concerning that wherein they differ.
Wa qaalatil-Yahuudu laysatin-Nasaaraa ‘alaa shay’; wa qaalatin-Nasaaraa laysatil-Yahuudu ‘alaa shay-inw, wa hum yatluunal-Kitaab. Kazaa-lika qaalal-laziina laa ya’-la-muuna misla qawlihim. FAllaahu Yahkumu baynahum Yawmal-Qiyaamati fii-maa kaanuu fiihi yakhtalifuun.
laa ya’-la-muuna – (who know not, illiterate, uneducated, ignorant) here ‘ilm means “knowledge about Heavenly Books, and the persons, who do not have the knowledge, signify towards the Idolaters and followers of every that religion, which has no base on any Heavenly Scripture.
Baynahum – (between them) it aims “the two groups out of them: one is of the Believers and the other is of the Idolaters and Infidels.
The entire people of the Scripture are involved in forming religious groups instead of following the real teachings and truth, bestowed by Allah Almighty. Each group out of them claims that she is on the straight path and the other all groups have gone astray from the actual way, for instance; while the Children of Israel saw that the Christians call the Prophet Jesus Christ (peace be upon Him) as son of God Almighty (I seek refuge in ALLAH), then they began to say them Infidels. And when the Christians saw that the Children of Israel have become Disbelievers of the Prophet Jesus Christ (peace be upon Him), they began to say them Infidels, although, these both groups recite the Scripture bestowed by God Almighty.
The same condition is of those people who have not any Heavenly Scripture but they have created themselves such faiths that they consider themselves on the straight path and other all the religious groups have gone astray from the right path. The Idolaters of the Arabia and other Infidels are included in these people.
The Holy Qur’an commanded that forming of the religious groups is totally useless. The real thing is to obey the Commands of Allah Almighty and to do good works. That person will be on the straight path, who acts upon these two principles.
And who doth greater wrong than he who forbiddeth the approach to the mosques of Allah lest His name should be mentioned therein, and striveth for their ruin? As for such, it was never meant that they should enter them except in fear. Theirs in the world is ignominy and theirs in the Hereafter is an awful doom.
Wa man ‘azlamu mim-mam-mana-‘a masaajidAllaahi ‘any-yuzkara fiihasmuHuu wa sa-‘aa fii kharaabihaa ‘Ulaaa-‘ika maa kaana lahum ‘any-yad-khuluuhaaa ‘illaa khaaa-‘i’fiin. Lahum fid-dunyaa khiz-yunw-wa lahum fil-‘Aakhirati ‘azaabun ‘aziim.
Masaajid – (Mosques) it is plural of Masjid which means the place, where, prayers are offered, place of worship for Muslims. The word Masjid has been derived from the word Sajdah which means ‘to bow the body and place the forehead on the ground (to fall prostration). As per sayings by one of the Scholars, it means the Inviolable Place of Worship, the temple of Makkah (Masjid-i-Haraam).
For clearness about revelation grace of this verse two happenings are narrated:
• The Christians waged a war against the Children of Israel, burnt the Holy Scripture Torah and ruined the Temple and city of Jerusalem.
• The Infidels of Makkah prevented the Muslims from visiting the House of Ka’-ba (the temple of Makkah) during sixth Hijra at the place of Hudaybiah only due to their envy.
The limit of religious envious and forming groups in the religion by the people of the Scripture had reached such stage that respect for places of worship concerning other groups had finished from their hearts. They did not hesitate to ruin these sacred places and used to prohibit the people of other groups from entering into their places of worship. Moreover, they all used to claim that they believe in One God.
The religious scholars told that as the places of worship are made habitable and populous with the prayers, so bad deeds and talks into them will be supposed as the destruction of the mosques. Besides this, all those things, which become cause of deficiency of the devout and ruin of the places of worship, enter in the order of this verse. Therefore, we should abstain from those things, due to which, gaiety of the mosques is lessened and the people stop to come in the mosques.
Allah Almighty has commanded that it is compulsory for them while they enter the mosque, that their hearts should tremble due to fear of God but as they don’t stop their depravities, so, they will get disgraced ignominy in this world and also will suffer awful Doom in the Day of Resurrection.