Warning and admonition to the God-fearing
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verses – 65 & 66 of 286, Section – 8 of 40 (Part - 1)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
And ye know of those of you who broke the Sabbath, so We said unto them: Be ye apes, despised and hated.
Wa laqad ‘alim-tumul-laziina’-tadaw minkum fis-Sabti fa-qulNaa lahum kuunuu qira-datan khaasi-‘iin.
Minkum – (those of you) it signifies towards the fathers, ancestors; forefathers of the children of Israel.
As-Sabt – (the day of “Saturday”) Literal meaning of Sabt is Saturday. As, near to Christians ‘Sunday’ is a holy day and Muslims celebrate ‘Friday’ as the Holy Day, like this the Jews count ‘Saturday’ as their holy day. Saturday was specified only for the worship of God near to them. Worldly works like business, agriculture or hunting were forbidden for them on that day.
‘A’-tadaw – (not observed temperateness, crossed the limits) they crossed the limits of Divine’s Law.
It has come in the Sayings that during the time of Prophet David (peace be upon Him) many Jews were living in Ailah (a place in the south of Palestine). This event belongs to that population. These people used to disobey the commands of God Almighty with cleverness and tactfully. They were instructed that they should not hunt the fish on Saturday absolutely. God Almighty desired to examine them too. Usually the fish used to come near the bank of river on Saturday in much quantity.
The Jews planned tactfully to carry on the outward form of the orders of God Almighty. They used to dig pit holes near the bank of river on Saturday. Large quantity of the fish used to entered in those pit holes along with water. Then they used to close the way of water from the river side towards the pit holes. Next day they used to hunt these fish from the pit holes. Due to disobeying God Almighty continuously, they were punished, were shaped as apes and their faces were changed from good to bad.
It appears from this verse that some commands come from God Almighty only for examining. It is the aim of test “to clarify that the servants of God Almighty remain obedient in the both situations i.e. during rest and hard period. If the human being comes out with credit in the situation of test, there are a lot of facilities for him, but punishment is very tough for the impatient and evil doers.
So We made it an example to their own and to succeeding generations, and an admonition to the God-fearing.
Faja-‘alNaahaa nakaalal-limaa bayna yadayhaa wa maa khal-fahaa wa maw-‘izatal-lil-Muttaqiin.
Nakaalan – (warning) it means a punishment and incident, which becomes a warning for others, looking it, the people get admonition.
Purpose of narrating the important events of the history of Israelite in Holy Qur’aan, on one side is that, the Children of Israel feel repentance and be much ashamed. They recognize their reality and incline towards the straight path. And on the other side, it is an admonition for the Muslims. They get it as warning from the incidents of previous nations, check an account of their deeds, take a lesson and adjust themselves in the light of Holy Qur’aan.
Which event we have discussed in the previous verse that has much importance in the history of the Children of Israel and all these people know it very well. The Holy Qur’aan is drawing their attention also towards that incident.
After expressing the incident, Holy Qur’aan declared in this verse, “So We made it an example to their own and to succeeding generations, and an admonition to the God-fearing”. So that, the entire human beings are informed about the result of disobeying the commands of God Almighty, they may be careful for ever and each moment. It is the fact that this incident is a Guide for particularly God-fearing individuals. Their belief may be perfect with it that only the fear of God is root cause of the all goodness for human beings.
After understanding this verse, now there is no doubt that certainly disobeying the commands of God Almighty becomes main cause of a big wrath. We should keep it always before us. It is not an ordinary thing: Changing of good faces into bad and becoming apes from the mankind. The human beings should keep on having fear the wrath and anger of God Almighty.
It also comes out from this verse that how much an individual can get admonition from the previous events. In fact, this Holy Qur’aan (the Word of God) has impressed upon the minds very clearly about the benefits of the history and that, every incident or event cannot become history. Only those events deserve to become a part of history from which, the people may acquire any fair lesson.