Blood-shedding, banishing and transgressing
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verses – 84 & 85 of 286, Section – 10 of 40 (Part - 1)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
And when We made with you a covenant (saying): Shed not the blood of your people nor turn (a party of) your people out of your dwellings. Then ye ratified (Our covenant) and ye were witnesses (thereto).
Wa ‘iz ‘akhazNaa Miisaa-qakum laa tasfikuuna dimaaa-‘akum wa laa tukhrijuuna ‘anfusakum-min- diyaarikum summa ‘aqrartum wa ‘antum tash-haduun.
Discourse of the Jews has been chained with effect from fifth Section of this Surah. The Children of Israel had gone astray from their real religion. They used to change and make alteration in the Holy Scripture of God Almighty Torah, after hearing the Commands of Allah Almighty and promising to fulfill it, they used to slip from that covenant. They were involved in false and self-invented fidelities. They had doubt that whether they commit lots of evils and sins, they would not be punished entirely, but their ancestors would get them saved from the Fire of Hell.
Refuting the false faiths of the Children of Israel, God Almighty disclosed by means of Holy Qur’aan, (which is the universal law of deliverance). Only those people are entitled for the Paradise who believe in Allah Almighty and do good works. Without them the individual, who is surrounded in the evils, notwithstanding, he will enter into the Hell.
After talking about the law of salvation, God Almighty commanded about the way which is righteous and good servants of Him, and drew attention towards their covenant.
Allah Almighty made with them two more covenants:
(1) Shed not the blood of their people.
(2) Not to turn (a party of) their people out of their dwellings. Because doing so, the collective dignity and fear of the nation will finish. The opponents will get opportunity to attack over them, get possession over them and become their rulers.
Yet ye it is who slay each other and drive out a party of your people from their homes, supporting one another against them by sin and transgression --and if they came to you as captives ye would ransom them, whereas their expulsion was itself unlawful for you. Believe ye in part of the Scripture and disbelieve ye in part thereof? And what is the reward of those who do so save ignominy in the life of the world, and on the Day of Resurrection they will be consigned to the most grievous doom. And Allah is not Unaware of what ye do.
Summa ‘antum haaa-‘ulaaa-‘i taqtuluuna ‘anfu-sakum wa tukhrijuuna fariiqam-minkum-min-diyaarihim; ta-zaaharuuna ‘alayhim- bil-‘ismi wal-‘udwaan. Wa ‘iny-ya’-tuu-kum ‘usaaraa tufaaduuhum wa huwa muharramun ‘alaykum ‘ikhraajuhum. ‘Afa-tu’-minuu-na bi-ba’-zil-kitaabi wa takfu-ruuna bi-ba’z. Famaa ja-zaaa-‘u many-yaf-‘alu zaalika minkum ‘illaa khiz-yun- fil-hayaatid-dunyaa. Wa Yaw-mal-Qiyaamati yuradduuna ‘ilaaa ashaddil-‘azaab. Wa mallaahu bi-gaafilin ‘ammaa ta’-maluun.
It is known from this sentence that as the Children of Israel used to slay and shed the blood among themselves mutually or exile their compatriots and religious-fellows, which was not for any principle but only as a sin, tyranny and transgression. The nation, which behaves like this with their own people, what a better behavior that can do with others?
God Almighty warns the Children of Israel in this verse, “You ratified Our Covenant: Shedding not the blood of your people nor turning (a party of) your people out of your dwellings.” But you oppose this covenant. You slay one another and drive out a party of your people from their homes.
During the times of Last Messenger (peace and blessings be upon Him), two tribes from the Children of Israel ‘Banu Nazair’ and ‘Banu Quraizah’ used to live in Madinah and its vicinity. They used to remain busy in civil war/domestic quarrels habitually. Two tribes of the Infidels of Madinah were also populated there. One of the tribes from the Jews used to be friend of the one tribe of Infidels, and the other tribe of the Jews - friend of the other tribe of the infidels. Whenever the war used to begin, it was their routine to slay and exile one another.
It reveals from the history that after the Prophet Solomon (peace be upon Him), cruel contradiction grew among the twelve tribes of the Children of Israel. Many people were slain during their wars. Resultant, their government was ruined. They became slaves of others and were compelled to pass their lives under disgrace, infamy and ignominy condition.
This argument is being fixed upon them that besides following the commands of Holy Qur’aan, they do not obey their own Holy Scripture fully. They obey only those some commands, in which they consider their own benefit. Which commands demand sacrifice, they put them behind themselves.
The Jews used to exile their colleagues first of all, after fighting with them. Whenever they used to become prisoners of other nations, then the Jews set them free quickly paying compensation to show their sincerity, still it is fact that it was unlawful for them to exile their religious brothers. So it is found that they obey the Command of Torah that the prisoners should be set free, but they do not obey this order that they should not be exiled.
Allah Almighty commands along with it, “And what is the reward of those who do so save ignominy in the life of the world, and on the Day of Resurrection they will be consigned to the most grievous doom. And Allah is not Unaware of what ye do”.