No fear for Believers of God, the Day of Resurrection and who do Good
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verses –62 & 63 of 286, Section – 8 of 40 (Part - 1)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
Lo! Those who believe (in that which is revealed unto thee, Muhammad), and those who are Jews, and Christians, and Sabaeans – whoever believeth in Allah and the Last Day and doeth right – surely their reward is with their Lord, and there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve.
‘Innal-laziina ‘aa-manuu wallaziina haadu wan-Nasaaraa was-Saabi-‘iina man ‘aamana billaahi wal-Yawmil-‘Aakhiri wa ‘amila saalihan- falahum ‘ajruhum ‘inda Rabbihim, wa laa khaw-fun ‘alayhim wa laa hum yah-zanuun.
‘Aa-manuu – (Believe) in this verse “to believe” means “to join” the Muslim Community.
Haadu – (the Jews) the people who have entered in the community of the Jews, either they are the Children of Israel or otherwise.
Nasaaraa – (the Christians) Nasaaraa is plural of Nasraani. There was a town in Palestine named ‘Naasirah’. The Prophet Jesus (peace be upon Him) was born in this town. Due to relation with this town the Prophet Jesus (peace be upon Him) is called Jesus Christ Naasri (peace be upon Him). So who follows Him, is included in Nasaaraa (the followers of the Christ who was born in Naasirah).
As-Saabi-‘iina – (Sabaeans) an individual, who inclined towards some other religion giving up his/her own, is called Saabi. It was a sect in the Arab. They believed in the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him), used to worship the Angels (peace be upon Them), recited the Psalms of Prophet David (peace be upon Him) and during the worship, they used to turn towards the Temple of Makkah. The Arabians used to say them Saabi ‘the Disbelievers’.
God Almighty has removed misunderstanding of the greatness of the Name, the Family background and the Race, and announced that near Allah Almighty, either Name or surname or the title are nothing, neither honor of good birth from a particular nation or race and distinction is trustworthy. Two things are necessary for freedom from the wrath of God Almighty, whether the people belong to any race or nation, or they have any surname or title.
· They believe in Allah and the Last Day (the Day of Resurrection) whole heartily.
· They do right (good).
If the people will believe in Allah Almighty, certainly they will admit His Orders and Commands also. We have come to know these Orders and Commands by means of the Last Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon Him). So having belief in this Prophet (peace be upon Him) has been included in it too. If they will believe in the Day of Resurrection then they would have to believe in the wrath and reward.
In short, having belief in God Almighty and obeying His orders is necessary for deliverance and reward, and it is impossible to have belief in God Almighty without acceptance of the Prophet-hood of the Last Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings upon Him).
And (remember, O Children of Israel) when We made a covenant with you and caused the (Mount) Toor to tower above you, (saying): Hold fast that which We have given you, and remember that which is therein, that ye may ward off (evil).
Wa ‘iz ‘akhazNaa Miisaaqa-kum wa rafa’-Naa fawqakumut-Tuur. Khuzuu maaa ‘aatay-Naakum- bi-quwwatinw-waz – kuruu maa fiihi Ia-‘allakum tattaquun.
At-Tuur – (Toor), as per Arabic language, every mountain is called Toor. A particular Mountain in the peninsula Sinai is also named as ‘Toor’. That is called “Jabal-ul-Toor” too.
Az – kuruu maa fiihi – (remember that which is therein), remember the subjects which exist in Holy Scripture Torah, so that you may act upon them. Acting upon them is the main desire for remembering the Orders of God Almighty.
Tattaquun – (having fear of God) this word is from “Taqwaa”. To ward off evil and to pass the life carefully is called Taqwaa. That is called abstinence, control of the passions also. Who has good nature, is a well wisher and has a good disposition, is named “muttaqii”. Islam has stated it as a great excellence and perfection of mankind.
The Children of Israel used to demand obstinately to bring a genuine Book of Orders, so that they might act upon it. These people used to promise that they would follow completely on the religious matters. But when they were given the Scripture Torah, they began to oppose it and say that the Orders mentioned in Torah are very heavy and difficult. We cannot act upon them.
To challenge them from disobeying and violence, Allah Almighty ordered the Mount Toor which was elevated over their heads. Observing it, the Children of Israel began to shiver (for afraid of their death) and they had lost the courage of opposing, and then they admitted the Laws of Torah by force.
At this stage, a covenant was taken from the Children of Israel, “You will neither dispute nor play the stratagems and argue to believe the Holy Scripture “Torah”. They were also told to make the law of passing their lives according to the Orders and Commands of this Heavenly Book, act upon them punctually, so that fear of God Almighty is produced in their hearts and “ye may ward off (evil).”