Substitution in the Word of God
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verses – 75 & 76 of 286, Section – 9 of 40 (Part - 1)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
Have ye any hope that they will be true to you when a party of them used to listen to the word of Allah, then used to change it, after they had understood it, knowingly
‘Afa-tatma-‘uuna ‘any-yu’-minuu lakum wa qad kaana fariiqum-minhum yasma-‘uuna KalaamAllaahi summa yuharri-fuunahuu mim-ba’-di maa ‘aqaluuhu wa hum ya’-lamuun.
Tatma-‘uuna – (you have any hope) this word has been derived from Tama-’a. Common meanings of Tama-’a are ‘to long for’, ‘to have greed’ and also it means ‘to hope’, ‘to expect’. Here it signifies towards the last meaning.
Yuharri-fuunahuu – (they used to change it), origin of this word is harafa and infinitive mood is tahriif, which means ‘change’. There are two ways of changing the words:
· Literal change (to change the words, to change its pronunciation, so that reality of the word may be changed. For instance; the Jews used to speak the words ‘hintatun’ instead of ‘hittatun’ and ‘ra-iina’ instead of ‘raa-‘ina’).
· Significant change (to change the meanings of the words – in translation and explanation).
After telling the important happenings in the history of the Children of Israel, God Almighty commands in the previous verse that these people will not admit/recognize any warning from these Revelations because their hearts have become harder than rocks. Exemplary happenings have no effects on their hearts.
In this verse, Allah Almighty admonishes the Muslims, “Do you wish that they should be agree to your sayings, whereas from their ancestors, during the period of Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) and after them also there was a party, which used to change intentionally after listening to the Speech of God Almighty. While it was the condition of their elders then; Have you any hope that they will be true to you? How can you expect from them of goodness? They are ill-disposed people. They will never believe.
It appears from God Almighty’s such proclamation that the Muslims should not have much expectation regarding acceptance of Islam by the Jews.
And when they fall in with those who believe, they say: We believe. But when they go apart one with another they say: Prate ye to them of that which Allah hath disclosed to you that they may contend with you before your Lord concerning it? Have ye then no sense?
Wa ‘izaa laqullaziina ‘aa-manuu qaaluuu ‘aamannaa. Wa ‘izaa khalaa ba’-zuhum ‘ilaa ba’zin- qaaluuu ‘a-tuhad-di-suunahum- bimaa fatahallaahu ‘alaykum li-yuhaaaj-juukum-bihii ‘inda Rabbikum. ‘Afalaa ta’-qiluun.
Li-yuhaaaj-juukum-bihii – (they may contend with you concerning it), hajaj is the matter of haaaj-juu. The word hujjat is also made from it, which means “proof, argument and reason”. Meanings of this entire sentence are, “to make it proof and argue with this source”. The Jews, who transposed words in the Holy Scripture; Torah, used to say to their hypocrite friends: You provide proofs to the Muslims against your own, telling them the real teachings of your Book.
It is being mentioned from here about the Jews, who were Hypocrites. Whenever, these people used to meet cordially with the Muslims, they used to disclose their faith in the Last Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon Him) and to gain their favor, they used to tell them the entire foretelling and emblems for authentication and support of the Last Messenger (peace and blessings be upon Him), which exist in their Religious Book.
But, whenever these Jews used to meet with one another, they used to censure mutually: Why have you provided the weapon against yourselves to the Muslims, telling about your teachings. The Muslims will use these proofs against you and taking your own words as a warrant, they will give evidence against you before God Almighty that the Jews did not return to the real religion, whereas they had known everything”. As though, these foolish people were supposing that Muslims can know these matters only through the Jews. They do not know that God Almighty can expose their all matters (open or hidden) in front of the Last Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon Him) and the Muslims, any time.