Summum- bukmun ‘umyun fahum laa yarji-‘uun
Surah ‘Al-‘Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verses – 17 & 18 of 286, Section – 2 of 40 (Part - 1)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
17. Their likeness is as the likeness of one who kindleth fire, and when it sheddeth its light around him Allah taketh away their light and leaveth them in darkness, where they cannot see.
17. Masaluhum kamasa-lillazistaw qada naaraa. Falammaaa ‘azaaa-’at maa hawlahuu zahaballaahu bi-nuurihim wa tarakahum fii zulumaatil-laa yubsiruun.
Masaluhum – (Their likeness). Likeness means an old famous event which corresponds to any present event and due to its fame the people may understand it quickly and it becomes helpful also for explanation of the present event.
Zulumaat – (Plural of zulmat), darkness.
During the times of Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him) there were two kinds of Hypocrites:
1. Those, who were the vital enemies of Islam, but they used to claim with their tongues to be the supporters and protecting friends of the Muslims.
2. Those Hypocrites, who were weak due to their temperament and were neither supporters, nor they opposed Islam. In which side they used to find their advantage, put themselves to that direction.
These two types of hypocrites are explained in the Holy Quran. In this verse, example of first type of hypocrites is being explained.
Example of these people is like a man who lit the fire in the darkness. From the light of fire, all things around him became bright and he became capable to recognize the difference among profitable and harmful things. But suddenly God snatched his eye-sight. Now he could not see anything while surroundings of him were bright. Just like blinds, he is wandering hither and thither and cannot reap advantages of the Brightness.
This example proves fit for the Hypocrites. Before Islam, they were lying in the darkness of infidelity; there was no distinction between good and evil for them. Then the Candle of Islam was enlightened and they began reaping advantages from it, but suddenly, all opportunities, which they were availing due to Islam, were snatched. Their original face came before the Muslims. And they did not remain capable to deceive the Muslims. Some of them leaned towards evil by giving up the Truth and some were forfeited to get advantage from the Light of Islam due to their personal means. The light of Islam became useless for them in these three conditions and the darkness spread everywhere.
18. Deaf, dumb and blind,
and they return not.
18. Summum- bukmun ‘umyun fahum laa yarji-‘uun.
Summun – (Deaf; hard of hearing; inattentive). Although the Hypocrites apparently were not deaf but they were called deaf because they did not listen true advice of Islam and rejected them. They listened and showed that they have not listened as if they were deaf and did not listen.
Bukmun – (Dumb; speechless; mute). Although they had tongues but turned away from asking the true advice and did not accept the Truth, as though they were dumb and had not tongue in their mouths.
‘Umyun - (Blind; unable to see) (plural of Aa’-maa). It means blind persons. They were called blind because having their eye-sights, they had seen the Tokens of Allah but didn’t accept.
In this verse outcome of deeds of the hypocrites is being explained. As after appearing the light of Islam, they still adopted the darkness of infidelity. Due to worldly advantages, personal means and carnal desires, they didn’t distinguish among good and bad. As according to the natural rule, if the hand is put in fire, it burns, similarly, because of their perversity and intentionally depravity, their entire capabilities of recognizing the Truth were lost. Infidelity came over them. They lost the Light of Islam. Allah plundered their Light because of their evil deeds and they went astray in darkness.
It was the result of distinguishing not among good and bad that, having ears they could not listen to the sounds of the Truth. Their tongues became dumb due to asking not about the right path from anyone. Their eyes became blind due to looking not the light of Islam. And signs of Allah didn’t affect them.
Openly, there are three ways to get knowledge: ear, tongue and eye. Sometime a man gets knowledge by listening, sometime by asking from someone and sometimes by looking other things by his eyes. But a hypocrite loses his all these three powers due to his revengeful-ness and haughtiness. And now, neither he listens to the sound of any Guide, nor asks true knowledge and nor gets any affect seeing the Signs of the Truth. And now there is no hope of his returning from infidelity to Islam or from darkness to the Light.