Mankind and Satan are foe of one another
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verse – 36 of 286, Section – 4 of 40 (Part - 1)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
But Satan caused them to deflect there-from and expelled them from the (happy) state in which they were; and We said: Fall down, one of you a foe unto the other! There shall be for you on earth a habitation and provision for a time.
Fa-‘azalla-humash-shay-taanu ‘anhaa fa-‘akh-raja-humaa mimmaa kaanaa fiih. Wa qulNah-bituu ba’-zukum li-ba’zin ‘aduww. Wa lakum fil ‘arzi musta-qarrunw- wa mataa-‘un ‘ilaa hiin.
Fa-‘azalla-huma – Then they were deflected. It is understood that deflection does not come under the meanings of intentionally disobedience and violence. But it is such an error, a slip which is due to omission or unknowingly mistake.
Ash-shay-taanu –Satan means such creature who went away from the Mercy of the Creator. It is the second name of Iblis. He disobeyed God Almighty so He was ordered to get out of the Paradise. Then He became mortal enemy of the generation of Adam (Peace be upon Him). He cannot compel the human being to disobey God or to commit evil, but He induces the mankind with different methods to go on the path of evil. He is able to do this work (being far or close) without measurement of the distances.
‘Anhaa – (by means of it) It may be an indication toward the tree that by the tree, Satan deflected them (Adam and Eve) and it may also be signified toward the Paradise, because they (Peace be upon Him) were expelled from it.
God Almighty placed Adam (Peace be upon Him) and His wife in Paradise and prevented from eating the fruit of that particular tree and not to go nigh it. Satan did not fall prostrate toward Adam (peace be upon Him) so He was rejected. He became mortal foe of Adam due to jealousy. He intended strongly that anyhow Adam be deflected from the Paradise.
In the Holy Qur’aan it is mentioned at another place that Iblis met Adam and His wife (peace be upon Them) and assured Them swearing that He was Their friend and well-wisher, and caused to instigate Them: If you will eat the fruit of this tree, you will become Angels and will live in the Paradise forever.
Adam and His wife were entrapped. They did not know that anyone can take an oath of God. They ate the fruit of that tree. As soon as they ate the fruit, their raiment of Paradise was dropped down from their bodies and they began to cover their shame with the leaves of the trees. God Almighty ordered them to get out from there. Satan became cause of their deflection from the Paradise. We should try our best to save ourselves from His deception.
‘Ih-bituu - Fall down (you all). It signifies to go down from the higher place or migrate from one place to the other. It also signifies that the Paradise, where Adam and His wife (peace be upon Them) were living they all (including their children and genealogy) had to leave that place.
‘Aduwwun – (Enemies, foe, rival) the pattern of living on the earth has been caused to understand by this word. In the world, there will be possibility of struggle, jealousy, selfishness, sensuality and envy etc., and escaping from these badness will be the token of nobleness for the human beings.
‘Ilaa- hiin – (For a time, till the specific time) it is evident from this verse that stay on this earth of human being is accidental and not forever. Then they will be produced in the Court of God.
After eating the fruit of that particular tree by Adam and Eve due to seducing by Satan, which was forbidden by Allah Almighty, He ordered: This place is not suitable for you now. Go forth on the earth. In the world some people of the mankind will not live in peace and truce, but they will quarrel with one another. They will reside there till their death. During their life time, they will have to reap advantage from the earthen commodities with working hard and collecting the things for drinking and eating. Useful matters which have been described in this verse are:
· Satan is enemy of the human being. He tries his best to cheat and deceive the mankind.
· Existence of the humankind is casual/accidental. Its reality is like an Inn. So we should recognize the world as staying for some time and we should not forget our Lord, God Almighty supposing that the world is a living place forever. Bear in mind that it is not an eternal abode.