God misleads the miscreants Only
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verse –26 of 286, Section – 3 of 40 (Part - 1)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
Lo! Allah disdaineth not to coin the similitude of a gnat or even anything above that. Those who believe know that it is the truth from their Lord; and those who disbelieve say: What doth Allah wish (to teach) by such a similitude? He misleadeth many thereby, and He guideth many thereby. And He misleadeth thereby only miscreants.
‘Innallaaha laa yastah-yiii ‘any-yazriba masalam-maa ba-‘uuzatan- famaa fawqahaa. Fa-‘ammallaziina ‘aamanuu fa-ya’-lamuuna ‘annahul-Haqqu mir-Rabbihim. Wa ‘ammal-laziina kafaruu fayaquuluuna maazaaa’araadallaahu bihaa-zaa masa-laa. Yuzillu bihii kasiiranw-, wayahdii bihii kasiiraa. Wa maa yu-zillu bihiii ‘illal-Faasi-qiin.
Fawqahaa – (Above that) More lean and ignoble thing than above.
In the previous verses disbelievers were invited, to prove the truth of Holy Qur’aan that if they consider it is not Word of God, they produce any Word like this. But they could neither reply till to-date and nor they will until the Doomsday. In this condition of helplessness they could do nothing. However they tried to find out and said: How is it an extraordinary that God having too much high position and greatness gives similitude of so contemptible and lean things?
It is true that in the Holy Qur’aan bigger creatures are also mentioned on different places along with the smaller, animals like on one side the elephants, camels and horses etc and on the other hand ant, fly and mosquito etc. To make the people understand, God has discussed similes of these animals. As somewhere He says that idols of infidels are too weak and helpless to create a fly. But when a fly or mosquito sits on their faces they cannot let it fly. Somewhere He says that religion of Infidels is weak like spider’s web. Hearing similes like these some Infidels began to say that God of Muslims speaks so strange (we seek refuge in Allah) that He does not hesitate to give instances of so small things. God replied on their criticism in this verse.
That simile will be the best which fulfills this intention, whether that thing is much customary or small itself. Mosquito is a too much ignoble and unimportant creature. Now where there is need to explain unreality of idols or any other creature, there will be appropriate example of mosquito. Criticizing against it is a folly and immaturity.
Summary of above verse is that Allah Almighty does not hesitate to give example of mosquito or smaller thing than it. Because purpose to give example is to explain anything. The example will be given as something exists. There is nothing to hesitate or take bad with it.
The Believers take this example as true and proper explainer and consider it right from God. But Infidels laugh at these examples and taunt critically that what Allah Almighty means by giving these types of examples?
The Believers believe in being worshiped of God and Truth of Muhammad (Peace be upon Him). They consider it their first duty to admit the Commands of God, His Messenger (Peace be upon Him)) and acting upon them. Therefore, if God explains any simile, they try to understand its true aim. They don’t care that the similitude is of what sort itself? Is it customary or have some importance? Is there an explanation of either any superior or inferior thing? Though they think about its true object and learn from it.
The Infidels refuse God and His Prophet (Peace be upon Him). They don’t have any interest to find the Just. They just keep watching the secrets in the verses or to find out faults. So whenever Allah Almighty explains simile for their consideration, in spite of trying to understand its true meanings, they begin to raise unreasonable questions regarding it.
From this verse we have learnt that Believers and the people who have good moral character are those who think about the similitude explained by Allah Almighty. They try to understand and do not use crooked arguments in it.
According to the Divine Law, who refrains from Obedience of God, disobeys and indulges in evils.
There are many ways to reach the destination in the world but from these all, there is only one way which can be straight. Allah Almighty bestowed sense and wisdom to the mankind. Not only this, but He sent Messages through Messengers (Peace be upon Then) for guidance. After this the mankind is empowered to choose a way which he wants. Now if any person, reaping advantage of choice chooses a wrong way then he falls in evil. And when he adopts evil himself then other accessories of that way are provided. As putting hand into the fire gets burnt like this when a person adopts a wrong path then evils and harms increase gradually.
According to this verse due to similes of Allah Almighty some people go astray because of their reasoning absurdly and arguments. They don’t think about purpose of these examples, although they waste their powers of thinking on criticizing against it. Immoral means miscreants, who run behind their evil desires and don’t hear any such talk easily which may prevent them from their bad habits.
At the end of the verse God explains it more clearly that the astray includes them only who want to go astray. Allah Almighty does not attach astray upon anyone, but his heart is quenched due to continuous intentional disobedience. Quest of the truth and seeking the Right does not stay. Absurd and lie make room in the heart, as though the astray is consequence of disobedience and evil.