Choosing the calf as worshiped and then pardon
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verses – 51 & 52 of 286, Section – 6 of 40 (Part - 1)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
And when We did appoint for
Moses forty nights (of solitude),
and then ye chose the calf, when
he had gone from you, and ye
Wa ‘iz waa-‘adnaa Muusaaa ‘arba-iina lay-latan- summat-takhaztu-mul-‘ijla mim- ba’-dihii wa ‘antum zaalimuun.
Muusaaa – (Moses) was a great, glorious and favorite Prophet (peace be upon Him) of God Almighty. Mostly the Commentators of the religion imagine that the word ‘Moses’ is derived from Hebrew language. Some scholars say that it is an Egyptian word which means child or son. Father’s name of the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) was Imran. His sister’s name was Mary and Brother Aaron. They both were elder than Him. The Time of Moses (peace be upon Him) is stated as 1500 B.C. or 1300 B.C. He drove the children of Israel away from the slavery of Pharaoh and his folk.
In this verse God, the Most High narrated the events of Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) and His nation, which happened after the crossing of Red Sea. When Moses (peace be upon Him) reached near the Mountain Sinai (famous place for the conversation between Moses and God Almighty) after crossing the sea, God Almighty commanded Him to worship for forty nights on the Mountain Sinai (Koh-i-Tuur). Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) went for worship on the Mountain Sinai obeying this order and detailed His brother, Aaron to look after the nation in His absence.
After the departure of Moses (peace be upon Him) obstinacy and liberty grew in the nation (the Children of Israel). In the presence of even Aaron (peace be upon Him) they did not incline toward the worship of God. It is known as they did not forget still then the Idol-worshiping of the Egyptians. They were simpleton. Out of them a conjurer named ‘Saamrii’ (who was a story teller) reaped advantage of their weakness (simplicity) and made a calf of the gold. Whenever it blew, a meaningless sound came out of the mouth of calf. That sound was wonderful for them, as though the children may get different sounds from the customary toys of animals. All the Children of Israel began worshiping the calf except a few persons out of them.
The Prophet Aaron (peace be upon Him) caused His best to understand them but they did not turn unto God-worshiping. As though they could not remain on the straight path in the forty days’ absence of Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him). And leaving God Almighty they started worshiping the calf, which was lifeless and false. It was their much bigger weakness and till today some nations are involved in this error.
Then, even after that, We pardoned you in order that ye might give thanks.
Summa ‘afawNaa ‘ankum-mim- ba’-di zaalika la-‘allakum tash-kuruun.
Tash-kuruun – (ye might give thanks). This word is derived from the word Shukar. Shukar means thanks, gratitude and a just appreciate. Aim of the Shukar in Islam is a just appreciation for the favors of God Almighty by the human being. An individual should use His favors and Grants in a right and sound manner. He should not disesteem or be thankless.
In the absence of the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) Saamrii told the Children of Israel, “this calf is the worshiped of you and the Moses (peace be upon Him) so you should worship it”. Besides a few persons, the entire nation fell prostrate before the calf and began to worship it with extremely lowness.
When the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) returned from the Mount of Sinai, He saw that all the Children of Israel have been misled. He filled with fury and threw those tablets which He brought with Him and on which the Commands of God Almighty were written, and asked His brother Aaron furiously. Aaron (peace be upon Him) stated the entire story and told about His own helplessness.
Finally God Almighty ordered, “Throw the calf into the sea and kill each other because it is the only way to accept your repentance,” so two thousand persons were killed in a day. At last the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) begged from God, the Most High and they received the command of forgiveness.
It is the mercy and grace of God Almighty that the mankind commits mistakes but God Almighty overlooks from them. Whenever the human being admits his negligence and promises to abstain from evils in future, God Almighty forgives. If any person does not admit His kindness upon even it then it will be infinite thankless and worthlessness, and this error is not forgivable.