Tuesday, October 20, 2015

God says: O Israelite! Remember My Favor, fulfil your covenant and fear Me

God says: O Israelite! Remember My Favor, fulfil your covenant and fear Me

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verse – 40 of 286, Section – 5 of 40 (Part - 1)



BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

O Children of Israel! remember 
My favour wherewith I favoured you, and fulfil your (part of the) covenant, I shall fulfil My (part of the) covenant, and fear Me.
Yaa-Baniii- ‘Israaa-‘iilaz-kuruu  ni’-matiallatiii  ‘an-‘amtu-‘alaykum  wa  ‘awfuu  ‘bi-‘Ahdiii  ‘uufi   bi-‘Ahdikum. Wa  ‘iyyaa-ya  farhabuun.


Lesson
           
Now with effect from the fifth section of this Surah, explanation regarding history of the Children of Israel (Israelite), their high positions (dignity), their errors, evils and snatching of favors begins. This portion of Holy Qur’aan needs special attention to study. There are many occasions of warning and advice for Muslims in the history of Israelite so that we may save ourselves from those errors, slips and mistakes, due to which, this splendid nation was ruined and became the target of God’s wrath. 

Baniii- (children) ‘Israaa- (servant) ‘Iil (God) – (Children of Israel)
Israel was the surname of Prophet Jacob (Peace be upon Him), so His children and dynasty was given the title of “Baniii- ‘Israaa-‘iil”. They are called the Jews too.

Actually chain of Baniii- ‘Israaa-‘iil begins from Prophet Abraham (Peace be upon Him), Who had two sons:

(1)    Prophet Ishmael (Peace be upon Him) populated Hijaz (Makkah) and the last Messenger of God, Muhammad (Peace and blessings be upon Him) was born in His dynasty.

(2)      Second son was Prophet Isaac (peace be upon Him). His son’s name was Jacob (Peace be upon Him) who was named as Baniii- ‘Israaa-‘iil. His children were populated in Palestine (Jerusalem).

These people engaged themselves in the fights and quarrels. After some time, Egyptians overcame them, kept them as slaves and tyrannized them. At last, Prophet Moses (Peace be upon Him) was born and He made away this nation from the slavery of Egyptians toward Siena Valley.

After some time, these people returned to their native land Kin’aan. The best era of this nation was the period of Prophets David and Suleiman (Peace be upon Them). After Them this dynasty became victim of calamities due to enmity with the Prophets (Peace be upon Them), opposing the religion and disunion among themselves.

This nation was attacked severely two times and so much ruined that they were compelled to leave their native land, so they ran away hither and thither. But sorry to say! They didn’t abstain from their wickedness and badness. Till now these evils exist into that nation.

Ni’-matii - (My favor), it means those favors and blessings of Allah Almighty, which He had bestowed on Jews, for example; He caused to set them free from torment of the slavery, drowned their enemy pharaoh, made their way to cross the red sea, provided them “Mann-o- Salwaa” the delicious food without any hard work and labor, helped them Unseen in hardships etc.

‘Ahdiii  - My (part of the) covenant.  Covenant is a promise between two parties. Here covenant means the promise which servants (Human beings) finalized with their Creator (Allah) before coming in this world. As Allah Almighty bestowed wisdom and sense to humankind, granted power to consider about Signs of His Omnipotence and then the human being took responsibility that he will recognize his Creator, will believe in the Prophets sent by God Almighty and will follow the Guidance of Allah. In return Allah Almighty promised that the believer will be sent to the Heaven.

Farhabuun – {you should (fear Me,) observe your duty} it means that you should not fear any other than Allah Almighty.

Allah Almighty promised with Adam after his birth and sending on earth that He will send his Prophets for his children according to the occasions and will convey His own Guidance and Instructions through Them to His servants. Prophets (peace be upon them) came according to this covenant. Messenger Muhammad (peace be upon Him) was sent as the last of all. The religion bestowed to Him is a universal religion. So, from this section, the series of the teachings of the Religion - Islam begins.

The Jews were aware of the religion of God Almighty, so they are being addressed particularly first of all. And they are being reminded that their ancestors have seen the blessings of God’s religion and they know about it very well. Now they should believe in this last Prophet (Peace and blessings upon Him), so that they may be eligible to obtain the same blessings again. If they will do so then it will be considered that they have fulfilled their covenant and in return Allah will fulfill His covenant: Your sins will be forgiven and you will be bestowed success in this world and on the Day of Resurrection.


Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)