Wa ‘aqiimus-Salaata wa ‘aatuz-Zakaata warka-‘uu ma-‘ar-raaki-‘iin
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verses – 43 & 44 of 286, Section – 5 of 40 (Part - 1)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
43. And establish worship and pay the poor-due, and bow your heads with those who bow (in worship).
44. Enjoin ye righteousness upon mankind while ye yourselves forget (to practice it)? And ye are readers of the Scripture! Have ye then no sense?
43. Wa ‘aqiimus-Salaata wa ‘aatuz-Zakaata warka-‘uu ma-‘ar-raaki-‘iin.
44. ‘Ata’-muruunan-naasa bil-birri wa tansawna ‘anfusakum wa ‘antum tatluunal-Kitaab. ‘Afalaa ta’-qiluun.
Az-Zakaata – A particular alms given away by the Muslims at the rate of 2.5 p.c. on net property especially in the month of Ziqa’d. And the other meaning of it is chastity, purity, cleanliness. Really after paying Zakaat (Poor-due), the property becomes pure. Prayer and Zakaat are the two duties, which remained part of worship always in every religion; however, difference remained among their forms and propositions.
Arka-‘uu – (bow), it is used usually as for the whole prayer too because it is a part of the prayer. Sometimes the word ‘Asjuduu (fall prostrate) has come along with it.
God Almighty commanded the Jews to correct at first their faith and belief at the time of inviting them for Islam, and that they should produce the real teachings of God before the people in its original form, and not to mix up (neither reduce nor increase) anything with it at their own.
Now they are being taught for acts. So it is commanded that they should habituate themselves for offering prayers, do this duty punctually and regularly. The prayer is the most superior worship from entire others bodily worships and the best way of recognizing God Almighty and pleasing Him.
After the prayer, they are being instructed to give Zakaat (pay the poor-due) in accordance with the rules. They should pay a particular part of their wealth (2.5%) every year to the poor, meek, deserving and needy people for the sake of God Almighty. They should spend the wealth given by Allah Almighty on useful national works of welfare. The Jews were very rich because maximum people were merchants and artificers, so it was dangerous for them that boundless love for wealth might be born in their hearts. Its remedy is attainable with offering prayers and giving Alms and poor-dues to the poor and needy people with sympathy and knowledge about their necessities. So they were commanded to offer the prayers in the Masjid with those who offer prayers and bow when they bow (congregational), and pay the poor-due to the deserving persons.
Al-birri – meanings of this word are goodness, favor, polite, worship with full sincerity, good manners and kindness. Opposite of this word are errors, evils and sins.
Al-Kitaab – here ‘al-Kitaab means “Torah” in which all instructions regarding good deeds, worships and religious matters were narrated for the Jews.
Whenever the days for destruction of any nation come, then among them, greedy for wealth, idle scholars and leaders grow, who apparently preach every time to correct their habits, sympathize with other people with truth and faith at the time of negotiation, not to tell a lie, not to deceive any person, offer prayers, keep fasting, serve the people. But the preachers do not act upon their preaching themselves. Except comfort and pleasure of this world, they have no concern with anything. They wish only the effect of their preaching over others, so that they may get maximum rewards, tributes and offering at the name of alms, so that they may get maximum chances to be addicted to pleasure.
In this verse, the scholars are being ashamed, “what do you do this? You guide the people to be good and pious with your tongues every time, whereas personally you are much away from the Truth. Do you desire only that people should admit you their leader and spiritual guide and serve you always? Alas! You read the Torah and still you are convinced of showiness and indolent from correction of yourself. It is the first demand of the wisdom that a person should show himself as example for others in the truth. Against the facts, you are guilty of deceiving the people. If you are sincere in advising the people, at first, you should act too yourselves on your sayings.”
It could not be much useful to admonish and frighten the Jews, however there is a hidden advice for the scholars who believe that Holy Qur’aan is a true Book, “They should arrange to correct themselves who want to correct others because becoming a hypocrite, treacherous, in-sincere and cheat is forerunner of destruction and ruin of the nation.