Sunday, October 25, 2015

O Israelite! Remember God’s favors & guard yourselves from the Doomsday

O Israelite! Remember God’s favors & guard yourselves from the Doomsday

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verses – 47 & 48 of 286, Section – 6 of 40 (Part - 1)



BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

O Children of Israel! Remember
My favour wherewith I favoured
you and how I preferred you to
(all) creatures.
Yaa-Baniii- ‘Israaa-‘iilaz-kuruu ni’-mati-yal-latiii ‘an-‘amtu ‘alaykum wa ‘annii faz-zaltukum  ‘alal-‘aalamiin.

Lesson
         
Faz-zaltukum – (preferred you), this word has come out from the word Fazal, which means preference. Aim of giving preference over the entire world is that the Israelite remained the most excellent over all the communities and there was none peer of them. However, when they left the Truth misled the Divine’s Law and opposed the last Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon Him), then that preference was snatched from them and they earned anger of God Almighty. Destruction became their fate, and the Muslim nation was given the title of “Khayra ‘Ummah” (Well Nation).

‘Alal-‘Aalamiin – (over all creatures) here ‘Aalamiin means the entire nations of the world.

There was a time when the Children of Israel were preferred to all the people of this world. When the other nations were going astray in the darkness and depravity, were involved in infidelity and worshiping of Idols, were lustful in corruption and heresy, then there was only the nation Israelite, who had concept of Oneness of God and they had the Heavenly Guide Book. What would be the preference more than it?

Slowly and gradually these people went astray from the straight path due to their weaknesses and corruptions, and left behind the Heavenly Guidance. So God Almighty admonishes them on the point, “Admit your real religion in its correct form and come on the straight path.”

It was difficult to acquire faith and Fear of God (piety) through patience and worship. So its easy and simple way has been explained, which is gratitude. God Almighty reminds the Children of Israel His favors, presents and honors, which He had bestowed upon them from time to time and discloses also their wicked deeds. It is a nature of the human being that he begins to love with his benefactor and beneficent. So God Almighty warns them about His favors, and instructs them toward the straight path.

It is the Token of warning for the people of the entire world that the Children of Israel fell down in the well of the wrath of God after achieving so much higher rank of preference. We should gain advice from their such condition and try to keep away ourselves from those acts, which became reason of their depravity, ruin and destruction. 

And guard yourselves against a
Day when no soul will in aught
avail another, nor will intercession be accepted from it, nor will compensation be received from it, nor will they be helped.
WattaquuYawmal-laa tajzii nafsun ‘an-nafsin- shay-‘anw-wa laa yuqbalu minhaa shafaa-‘atunw-wa laa yu’-khazu minhaa ‘ad-lunw-wa laa  hum yun-saruun.   

Lesson
         
Yawmun – (Day), here it aims the Day of Resurrection. It is necessary for giving up the worldly amusements and performing good deeds that the Faith in the Day of Resurrection or Rewards and punishment on one’s deeds should exist in the religion, so that the people would have to leave their evils and bad acts due to the concept of that Day and do good works having the hope of rewards. With the passage of time, Belief in the Day of Resurrection had gone from the hearts of the Jews, so they are being warned of the Day of Judgment.

‘Ad-lun – (justice, revenge, reward, exchange, equality, accuracy, rivalry etc.), if remuneration or compensation is given for anything, that is considered equal to the capital. So the word ‘ad-lun is used as the exchange. It also means justice or equity because on doing justice among two persons, it becomes equity.

It was the concept of the Jews, “As how much we commit evils and sins, we shall not be punished because our forefathers were Prophets (peace be upon them). They will cause to procure pardon for us”. God Almighty commands that such faith of theirs was totally false. The guilty would have to be punished for his sins.

Usually, there are four forms to set free the criminal:

·         Any other individual admits that the crime was committed by him (instead of the actual guilty).

·         Set the guilty free on anyone’s recommendations.


·         Let him off by paying some compensation (cash).

·         Get him free violently.

There is no any such form out of the above, which may be used by the evildoer on the Day of Judgment.

On the Day of Resurrection, every person will think about himself only. Nobody will be able to recommend any other without the permission of God Almighty. He does not need any wealth and property that He accept the ransom. There is no any power in the heavens and the earth, who may compel God Almighty and set the sinners free from Him, Who is the Most High.

Allah Almighty rendered the faith of the Jews null and void by revealing the verse under discussion and caused to know them that they should come back towards the straight path having fear of the Day of Resurrection.

 Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)