God encompasseth the disbelievers
Surah ‘Al-‘Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verse – 19 of 286, Section – 2 of 40 (Part - 1)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
19a. Or like a rainstorm from the sky, wherein is darkness, thunder and the flash of lightning. They thrust their fingers in their ears by reason of the thunder-claps, for fear of death.
19a. ‘Aw kasayyi-bim-minas-samaaa-‘i fiihi zulumaatunw- wa ra’-dunw- wa barq. Yaj-‘aluuna ’asaabi-‘ahum fiii ‘aa-zaani-him- minas-sawaa-‘iqi ha-zaral-mawt.
Kasayyi-bin – (Like a rainstorm), Heavy rains
As-samaaa-‘i – (The skies), it means exaltations. Every lofty thing which may be either clouds or skies will come in it.
As we have discussed in a previous lesson that there were two types of hypocrites, first type of the people, who were severe enemies of Islam heartily but they used to claim as Muslims apparently.
In this verse, second type of hypocrites is being explained. Neither they enter in Islam whole heartedly nor leave it due to their weak temperament. But they remain immersed in doubt and perplexity, and can’t make final decision. Likeness of these types of hypocrites is given with heavy rains. There are a lot of benefits in it, barren land becomes fertile, crops move about, canals and streamlets begin to flow. But along with it thunder of clouds which get tremble the hearts and flash of lightening which causes to be dazzled the eyes begins. Very dark darkness spreads over everything. But still none is enemy of the rains although these happenings.
Islam came with blessing like rains but there are also some difficulties and punctuality with it like prayers, fasting, alms (Zakaah), pilgrimage, try and strive (Jihad) and other restrictions/orders of Allah Almighty. The Hypocrites neglect and fear from these restrictions.
Whenever these people saw advantages of Islam, they ran towards it but when the time came to sacrifice, they kept back. Would that these people might have left their doubts, got one way and passed their lives for Islam.
19b. And Allah encompasseth the disbelievers (in His guidance).
19b. Wallaahu muhiitum-bil-kaafiriin.
Muhiitun – (Encompassed, circumscribed). Here it means that God has circumscribed them with His Knowledge, His Nature and His Divinity.
As the both types of Hypocrites have been discussed earlier:
1. Those people who are eternal enemies of Islam by their hearts but they say themselves ‘believers’ and claim to be patrons of the Muslims.
2. The people who are naturally weak by temperament, cowardice and un- ambitious. They accept impression of that assembly which they attend. If they sit with Muslims, listen to their preaching and invitation, look their dignity and success, then being terrified they enter into Islam. But when they lie down in any trial or difficulty, then they return towards infidelity. They are afraid of hardship and death.
At the end of this verse that Allah Almighty is howsoever encompassing these Hypocrites, they run away from Islam only for the sake of saving themselves from difficulties and death. But God Almighty has complete power and dignity upon them. So how can they protect themselves from death? Islam claims that they should leave carnal deliciousness and false passions. They should offer their wealth and lives in the path of God. They should bear difficulties and calamities.
They do not want to hear the verses of Agony and anguish. And they go away being very inattentively but cannot escape from the Hold of God. Trying to protect themselves from seizure of Sole Commander is only folly and proof of stupidity. God gives them only delay and produces the opportunities to understand. When their length of time will end then any power of the world and any of their best friends will not be able to save them from fury of God. He knows their all activities including the secrets, which they have hidden in their chests and He contains Divinity over them. He has power to punish anyone, any time as He wishes.
As thunder-bolt, glaze and thunder of lightening be in rain, like this hardness, labor, poverty and difficulties exist in Islam for trial but resultantly they succeed in the both worlds i.e. this life and on the Day of Resurrection. So mankind should not run away from Islam due to fear of these calamities, moreover he should stand firm on it. If a mankind wishes to run away from the calamities, he cannot escape from Allah Almighty.