Command of God: Come not nigh this tree
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verse –35 of 286, Section – 4 of 40 (Part - 1)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
And We said: O Adam! Dwell thou and thy wife in the Garden, and eat ye, freely (of the fruits) thereof where ye will; but come not nigh this tree lest ye become wrongdoers.
Wa qulNaa yaaa-‘Aada-mus-kun ‘anta wa zaw-jukal-Jannata wa kulaa minhaa ragadan hay-su shi’-tumaa; wa laa taqrabaa haazihish-shajarata fata-kuunaa minaz-zaalimiin.
Jannata – literal meaning of this word is: The Garden whose dense trees cover the earth. In the phrase of Divine precepts of the ,Religion it aims, that magnificent Garden, in which, there are countless blessings and which will be conferred to the persons of good disposition. That Garden is called Jannah (Paradise) also because that is hidden from our vision too.
zaw-juka – (Your wife) Eve (the wife of Adam (peace be upon Them), who was created already before this discussion. She is the Mother of entire human beings.
Hay-su shi’-tumaa – (Where ye will) (where-from you wish to eat) this word reveals the extent and largeness of the Paradise.
God Almighty created Adam in accord with His own Will and chose him Viceroy of His Own on the earth. Then to clear his position, Allah Almighty ordered the Angels to fall prostrate toward Adam (peace be upon him), so that none may have any courage to rebel or disobey Him. The Angels admitted the greatness of Adam and fell prostrate toward Him.
After the Deputy-ship of Adam (Peace be upon Him) Allah Almighty provided them (Adam and His wife) opportunity to live in the Paradise, eat and drink whatever and wherever they wish.
About Eve, Commentators of Islam have narrated that Adam was alone in the Paradise. He was tired of loneliness. So God created Eve and commanded both of them to live in the Paradise.
It is evident that God Almighty gave Adam a lot of rewards and dignity. At first He was given knowledge, then He became Viceroy of God, then he was presented with a life partner (wife) for comfort and pleasure, then He was placed in Paradise and bestowed countless blessings for eating and drinking. Allah Almighty bestows rewards to His servants always. Now it is the duty of His servants that they should thank God and know the Worth of these favors.
Laa taqrabaa - come not nigh (near). Actual object of this order was that Adam should not eat the fruit of that particular tree, which was forbidden at that time for them.
Haazihish-shajarata – ‘this tree’ was a tree from the trees of Paradise and Adam was caused to know about that tree. In the Holy Qur’aan there is no explanation about it, however the commentators of the religion have different views about that particular tree. Some of them say that it was the tree of grapes and some say that it was plant of wheat; some have their separate views as dates or fig. It has not been explained in the Sayings of Messenger of God (Peace and blessings on Him).
Minaz-zaalimiin – (from the wrongdoers) it means those people, who oppress themselves. Disobeying the orders of God is actually oppression over oneself. Now it is manifest that, at that time, meaning of Paradise was not as the reward of good deeds as now it has. But at that time, there were Divine’s laws. Some orders were for obeying them and some commands regarding prevention from evils or bad deeds.
It is the lesson for us that the individual, who commits the works of doubts and suspicions, there is great danger for him regarding committing wrong works. So God Almighty forbade Adam (peace be upon Him) from going near that prohibited tree, so that, neither they will go nigh the tree and nor they will desire to eat it. We should also abstain from the doubtful and suspicious things. It should also be remembered that the person, who disobeys the orders of God Almighty, he actually harms himself own. He creates mischief for himself in this world as well as the next world i.e. Doomsday.