Angels know nothing but only that which God teaches Them
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verses – 31 & 32 of 286, Section – 4 of 40 (Part - 1)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
31. And He taught Adam all the names, then showed them to the angels, saying: Inform Me of the names of these, if ye are truthful.
32. They said: Be glorified! We have no knowledge saving that which Thou hast taught us. Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Knower, the Wise.
31. Wa ‘allama ‘Aadamal-‘as-maaa-‘a kullahaa summa ‘arazahum ‘alal-malaaa-‘ikati faqaala ‘ambi-‘uunii bi-‘as-maaa-‘i haaa-‘u-laaa-‘i ‘in- kuntum saadiqiin.
32. Qaaluu –Subhaanaka laa ‘ilma lanaaa ‘illaa maa ‘allamtanaa. ‘Innaka ‘antal-‘Aliimul-Hakiim.
‘Aadama – (Adam) - He (peace be upon Him) is Father of all humankind.
‘As-maaa-‘a. (Names) the word which is spoken for acquaintance of any person or thing is used as its name. To recognize such person/thing, it is also necessary that its qualities and signs should be known. Here meanings of the names are, “the names of all things, their characteristics and conditions, which would have to become necessary for Adam and His children after sending them on the earth.” God Almighty acquainted Adam (Peace be upon Him) about the entire things’ names, their states and their characteristics.
In accordance with the Knowledge of God, the creation which was going to become His Viceroy, before his appearance, the entire things were created and then humankind was created and He was named as Adam (peace be upon Him).
As you know that one creature of God is Angels, which are created from the Light (Noor). They pass their entire time in obedience and worship of God and it is their greatest excellence. They are totally pure and clean from all the wishes and needs, which are good for Adam. So, they are quite unaware about the usefulness of all things of the earth and skies. However, it is fact that God has not created anything without cause. There is indeed any philosophy and advisability in it.
Lord Almighty created Adam (peace be upon Him) from the mud. Then He produced different kinds of wishes in his body and necessities. He gave knowledge also to adopt the different means to fulfill his wishes. He caused to grow ability in it that he may acquaint with all the things easily and may know their characteristics.
Adam has to suffer different accidents, incidents and changes in the different times. It has been kept in His nature that He will cross all the hurdles consciously and successfully. He has been informed about names of every necessary thing and its characteristics to compete in all kinds of difficulties.
As it has been already discussed that Angels know only, about which they have been given knowledge. The things they do not need, they neither know about them and nor they can try to know about them.
So after teaching the names of all things to Adam (Peace be upon Him) God Almighty produced those things before the Angels. He commanded them, “If you are true in your claim that you hymn Mine praise and sanctify Me perfectly then tell Me the names of following things”.
The Angels are sacred creature. They do not have any work besides worship. How could they tell the names? They said, “We have only that knowledge, which You have taught us. Besides that we know nothing. Now! These things, we can say only that there will be any advantage in producing them but we don’t know about its philosophy and secrecy, because Your works are not but full with Your philosophy and expedience.
It is manifest from these verses that due to knowledge, the mankind became superior and higher in rank to the Angels. Now if any person out of the generation of Adam (peace be upon Him) is careless from the knowledge then he cannot perform the duty of God’s Viceroy. We see that those nations, who acquired knowledge, are really on the path of development.