Life after death and provision of food
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verses – 56 & 57 of 286, Section – 6 of 40 (Part - 1)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
Then We revived you after your extinction, that ye might give thanks.
Summa ba-‘asNaakum-mim-ba’-di mawtikum la-‘allakum tash-kuruun.
God Almighty is causing to remember His favors one by one to the Children of Israel, so that they should give up evil deeds keeping these favors in view and come back on the straight path.
In this verse, previous incident is being explained constantly. When a group from the Children of Israel said to the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him), “We will see Allah Almighty with our apparent and material eyes manifestly”, the lightning seized them due to this arrogance and they all died. When Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) saw them dead, He called upon God Almighty and begged, “O my Lord! I brought these people to witness before the Children of Israel. Now they have expired. What shall I reply the nation and produce them the argument? Then Allah Almighty brought them to life again.
God Almighty has drawn their attention towards that fact in this verse and Commanded that they should remember His favor: Then We revived you after your extinction, that ye might give thanks”. There is only way to give thanks to God Almighty, “Obey His Commands leaving the path of infidelity and depravity.”
It appears from this incident that arrogance in the Court of God Almighty and unreasonable demands from Him is biggest sin and its punishment is very painful. Those people wished to see God Almighty with their materialistic eyes whereas, it was impossible for the human being till the time living in this world and they were punished due to this arrogance.
So, we should accept and believe in every command and order of Allah Almighty and His last Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon Him) without any doubt and dispute. We should never try to grow any fault finding, criticism and argument in it, because it becomes habit of the human being to find faults in every matter. The individuals who become habitual of finding faults, they shirk work always. They are rich of talking only.
And We caused the cloud to
overshadow you and sent down on you the manna and the quails, (saying); Eat of the good things which We have provided you. They wronged Us not, but they did wrong themselves.
Wa zallalnaa ‘alaykumul-gamaama wa ‘anzalnaa ‘alay-kumul-Manna was-Salwaa. Kuluu min- tayyi-baati maa razaqnaa-kum. Wa maa zala-muunaa wa laakin- kaanuuu ‘anfusahum yazlimuun.
Manna – It was a sweet moist thing for eating which was available on searching by the Children of Israel. It was a great favor of God Almighty for their lives during wandering in the desert of Peninsula of Sinai. Different forms of Manna have been explained. Some people have told that it was like a particular kind of gum. Some others have stated it ‘Honey’. Nowadays a delicious pudding named ‘Manna’ is being prepared in the Egypt. This pudding is favorite food of the Jews.
Salwaa – It is a bird like a small partridge (quail). It is found in peninsula Sinai. It does not fly on too much height and is tired soon. It becomes victim easily. The sea-breeze used to bring them flying towards the camp of the Children of Israel. They used to go hunting these birds and make them their delicious food.
Commentators of the Religion (compliments for them) have told that after leaving the Egypt, the Children of Israel used to wander confused in the barren desert of the Peninsula of Sinai for forty years. Due to non availability of shade, shadow or shelter, they were confused from the sunlight and requested the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) to search the means for saving them from this suffering (sunlight). He (peace be upon Him) prayed from God Almighty, which was approved and a cloud used to remain over their heads during the entire day to overshadow them. God, the Most High commanded them, “And We caused the cloud to overshadow you and sent down on you the manna and the quails, (saying); Eat of the good things which We have provided you”. They were also instructed that they should not store these heavenly favors and take only according to their needs, however the food may be taken for two days only on Friday.
They disobeyed the Command of God Almighty and began to store the food. Resultant, provision of these favors was stopped. So God Almighty reveals, “They wronged Us not, but they did wrong themselves”.