Thursday, November 19, 2015

Evil is that for which the people sell their souls

Evil is that for which the people sell their souls

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verses – 89 & 90  of 286, Section – 11 of 40 (Part - 1)



BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

And when there cometh unto them a Scripture from Allah, confirming that which is in their possession—though before that they were asking for a signal triumph over those who disbelieve—and when there cometh unto them that which they know (to be true) they disbelieve therein. So the curse of Allah is on disbelievers.
Wa lammaa jaaa-‘ahum Kitaabum-min ‘inDIllaahi musaddiqul-limaa ma-‘ahum, wa kaanuu min- qablu yastafti-huuna ‘alal-laziina Kafaruu  Falammaa jaaa-‘ahum-maa ‘arafuu kafaruu bihii fala’-natUllaahi ‘alal-kaafiriin. 

Lesson
           
Kitaabum-min ‘inDIllaahi – (a Scripture from Allah), here Kitaab signifies towards the Holy Qur’an, whose first address was also for the Jews besides the Infidels of Makkah. Majority of these people was living in Madina.

Limaa ma-‘ahum – (that, which is in their possession), its aim is Torah, the Heavenly Book of the Jews. The Holy Qur’an has used to mention its virtue and proclaimed that the Qur’an is a True Book of Allah Almighty; it verifies other previous Heavenly Scriptures. Out of the previous Books the most famous Book is Torah, which was revealed on Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him).

Yastafti-huuna (were asking for a signal triumph) this word has been derived from the word Fatah. As per Arabic language, it means ‘wish of superiority’ and victory. In this verse, its both meanings can be taken. Before the manifestation of Last Messenger Muhammad (grace, peace and blessings be upon Him), whenever the Jews people were defeated by the natives of Madina, at that time, they used to beg from Allah Almighty for victory and help, for the sake of Last Messenger (grace, peace and blessings be upon Him). This affair had been included in their faith that the Last Prophet (grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) would come to set them free. They would get freedom after believing in Him (grace, peace and blessings be upon Him).
  
When a Scripture revealed by Allah Almighty for the Jews, in which verification of the principles of the Divine law of Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) did exist, then these people disbelieved, and for who Last Prophet (grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) they were waiting, and for the sake of whom they used to pray for victory against the Infidels, when He, Known Prophet (grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) came towards them; they began to disbelieve in Him (grace, peace and blessings be upon Him). Now those disbelievers have been cursed by God Almighty due to their infidelity. And they became victim of God’s wrath.
    
It appears from this statement that the Jews belong to a bigoted and jealous nation and this nation has been cursed from the Mercy of God Almighty due to its bigotry and infidelity.        

Evil is that for which they sell their souls: that they should disbelieve in that which Allah hath revealed, grudging that Allah should reveal of His Bounty unto whom He will of His bondmen. They have incurred anger upon anger. And for disbelievers is a shameful doom.
Bi’-sa-mash-taraw bihii ‘anfusahum ‘any-yakfuruu bi-maaa- ‘anzalAllaahu bagyan ‘any-yunazzi-lAllaahu min- faz-liHii ‘alaa many-yashaaa-‘u min ‘ibaadiH.  Fabaaa-‘uu  bigazabin ‘alaa gazab. Wa lil-Kaafiriina ‘azaabum-muhiin.

Lesson

Allah Almighty commands in this verse that the Children of Israel are limitless selfish and sensual people. They are stubborn and jealous also. They see everything even that the Commands of God Almighty from the business and national point of view, and think that their benefit is whether in following these orders or disobeying them. If they suppose that they will reap their personal advantage by changing these orders or by violating them, they shall do that without hesitation.
 
Due to the result of bigotry and sensuality, jealousy was born into them very severely. Because they wanted to get each type of favor and kind for themselves only, as if, it was their right by birth, and without distinction of deeds, the favors and mercy of God Almighty will remain only for them.

When Prophet Muhammad (peace, grace and blessings be upon Him) was sent as the Last Messenger of Allah Almighty, the Jews felt a lot of restlessness. Fire of jealousy blazed into them that why the prophet-hood has been transferred into the Children of Ishmael instead of their dynasty. Whereas, they should know that God Almighty gives His virtue to him, to whom, He desires and bestows Prophet-hood and Mission to him. But the Jews refused to believe in the Last Messenger Muhammad (peace, grace and blessings be upon Him) due to their opposite and did not return toward the Right Path. 

Due to the Jews’ chained infidelity and denial, they have incurred anger upon anger of God Almighty. And for the disbelievers, is a shameful doom on the Day of Resurrection. 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)