Thursday, December 24, 2015

Lo! We are of God and lo! Unto Him we are returning

Lo! We are of God and lo! Unto Him we are returning

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verses – 155 & 156 of 286, Section –19 of 40 (Part - 2)


BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful 

And surely We shall try you with something of fear and hunger, and loss of wealth and lives and fruits. And give glad tidings to the steadfast.
Wa lanablu-wannakum-  bi-shay-‘im-minal-khawfi waljuu-‘i    wa  naqsim-minal-‘amwaali  wal-‘anfusi  was-samaraat.  Wa bash-shiris-Saabiriin. 

Lesson

It was stated in the previous verse about the people, who acquired higher post of steadfastness, that is to say; they fought in the way of God Almighty and were put to death as martyrs in the path of Truth. Now in this verse it has been described that the Muslims will suffer these types of trials and tests during their lives which will be more troublesome than the death to maintain its stability. Any individual should never show weakness and cowardice during these kinds of situations. Moreover, they should take strength from the steadfastness and continue to obey the commands of God Almighty happily with His assent.

These tests will appear in the different forms, for example; fear of the enemy, danger of banishment, confinement and imprisonment on speaking the truth, season of dearth or famine, shortage of the basic necessities of life, wealth and property, deficiency in livelihood and employment, killing of nearest relatives, friends and supporters in the path of God Almighty, looking mortality, ruin and expiration of own relatives during the war against enemies of Allah Almighty and His Messenger (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him), shortage of fruits, other eatable and drinkable things etc.

The people will be tested through all these difficulties, calamities, and troubles from time to time, their perseverance, steadiness and steadfastness will be observed. It is not so much easy to include one between the steadfast. So it is warned here that a lot of troubles like these may be faced during try for doing supplication and prestige of God Almighty, but it is the demand of steadfastness that instead of being afflicted and broken-hearted, we should remain zealous and earnest in inclination of our cause. Conception to achieve it should remain firm with full strength and keep it up with the tireless hardworking.  

Who say, when a misfortune striketh them: Lo! We are Allah’s and lo! Unto Him we are returning.            
‘Al-laziina ‘izaaa ‘asaabat-hum-musiibatun, qaaluuu ‘innaa  LIllaahi  wa  ‘innaaa ‘ilayHi  raaji-‘uun.

Lesson

Musiibatun – (calamity, woe, trouble), its literal meanings are misery, distress, accident, chance. Once the Messenger of Allah Almighty (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) commanded that which thing a Muslim feels un-pleasant that is the musiibat for him. So it is known that this word has many vast and common meanings.  

We have studied in the verse before it that the Muslims will be tested by God Almighty through different manners of difficulties, calamities, and troubles from time to time, the person who will keep perseverance and steadfastness; he will succeed easily in these tests. So the future consequence of the steadfast will be better. The token of the patient has been mentioned in the today’s verse that the people, who say at the time of musiibat, “Lo! We are Allah’s and lo! Unto Him we are returning”, they are included in the steadfast.

We have learnt three things in this verse:

1.   We all and everything of ours is the property of God Almighty. Nothing is our own including ourselves, our everything, wives, children, wealth, property, native country, dynasty, body and soul. It is the cause of grief, sorrow, pain and desire of the human being that he supposes that his beloved things are his own. When this thought will be expelled from the mind and considered that God Almighty is the Master, Possessor and Owner of everything, then there will be no scope for sorrow, sadness and displeasure. We have to repeat these words in every hard, difficult, trouble and calamity, “Ours is nothing here. Everything is of God Almighty and has to return towards Him”.

2.   Whether the sorrows, troubles, pains and difficulties are too much heavy, all are temporary, mortal, transitory, coming and going. These entire will end and soon; we would have to attend the Court of Real Master Almighty, so why should we be afraid of them?

3.   These calamities and tests are not useless by chance. Their remuneration and reward shall be granted during the next life i.e. on the Day of Resurrection. The individual, who bore them with steadfastness, remained standing on the Just and did not give up the real cause, he shall be rewarded due to his fortitude.

A person, how much will have strong faith in these fidelity, so much he will remain in contentment and quiet. We should bear in our minds these things properly, so that it may become stamped on our hearts. Although the relation of steadfastness is with the heart but due to saying these words with tongue, the tongue becomes companion of the heart and the person gets power and strength from it. It has been mentioned about the Messenger of God Almighty (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) that He used to recite “Innaa  LIllaahi  wa  ‘innaaa ‘ilayHi  raaji-‘uun (Lo! We are Allah’s and lo! Unto Him we are returning) in even any most light difficulty, trouble or un-pleasant situation.       


Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)