Mercy of God and His Signs (Sha-‘aaa-‘iRIllaah)
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verses – 157 & 158 of 286, Section –19 of 40 (Part - 2)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
Such are they on whom are blessings from their Lord, and mercy. And such are the rightly guided.
“Ulaaa- ‘ika ‘alayhim sala-waatum-mir-Rabbihim wa rahmah. Wa ‘ulaaa-‘ika hu-mul-Muhtaduun.
Sala-waatun – (blessings), this word is plural of salaaat. Besides its meaning as prayer, it is used also in the meanings of blessings, making humbly requests (to God Almighty for something), worshiping, communing with God and mercy.
Muhtaduun – (the rightly guided people), this word is for the guidance. It has been explained in the first Surah, verse: 5, 6 & 7 (Show us the straight path, the path of those whom Thou hast favored; Not (the path) of those who earn Thine anger nor of those who go astray).
In this verse, there is happy news for those individuals, who obeyed the Commands of God Almighty and acted upon His Revelations.
It was described in the previous verses that Muslims’ strength of faith, obedience, submission and worship would be examined. They will be tested by putting them in difficulties and troubles of various sorts. They would have fear of enemies’ enmity. They will be tortured by the selfish on speaking the truth. They will bear the pressure of the opposite, famine and dearth, starvation and poverty, loss of life and property, deficiency in eatables and drinkable. They will have to endure all these troubles.
The human being can stray from justice coming in greed, avarice and temptation due to these calamities and troubles. So, the people who will not leave the cause of raising the name of God Almighty and His Religion, caring not for the enmities, but will remain firm on it with perseverance, fortitude and steadiness. They will be included in the steadfast. These types of persons will say: We and everything of ours is only of God Almighty and at last; we have to return unto Him. If during try and strive, it will harm us or our things; God Almighty is the Sole Commander to bestow us better reward for it. We believe that He shall give us remuneration for these matters.
It has been mentioned in this verse that remuneration of the steadfast; like these persons is much great. They will be blessed particularly by Allah Almighty in this world as well as on the Day of Resurrection. God says: We shall continue Our Mercy upon them. So they should not withdraw due to fear of the enemies of the Truth. Moreover, they should rise in these situations of tests.
It has been stated too that the steadfast in the tests and trials are on the straight path, and they will reach God Almighty successfully.
Lo! (the mountains) As-Safa and Al-Marwah are among the signs of Allah. It is therefore no sin for him who is on Pilgrimage to the House (of God) or performs Umrah, to go around them (as the pagan custom is). And he who doeth good of his own accord, (for him) lo! Allah is Responsive, Aware.
‘Innas-Safaa wal-Marwata min-Sha-‘aaa-‘iRIllaah. Faman hajjal-Bayta ‘awi’-tamara falaa junaaha ‘alayhi ‘any-yat-taw-wafa bihimaa. Wa man- tataw-wa-‘a khayran, fa-‘innAllaaha Shaakirun ‘Aliim.
As-Safaa wal-Marwata – (Safaa and Marwah), near the Inviolable Place of Worship (Masjid-i-Haraam) these are two hills. Safaa is on the right hand and the Marwah is on the left side. There is a distance of nearly 275 yards between them. Verbal meaning of the Safaa is pure stone or genuine rock and verbal meaning of the Marwa is white soft stone. Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) left His wife Ajar (compliments on Her) and His son Prophet Ishmael (peace be upon Him) in the Faran valley and returned. He (Ishmael) was still an innocent infant. When the eatables and drinkable ended which were held with the mother and the infant. The infant began to flutter due to thirst. His mother used to run on these two hills hither and thither with utmost restlessly and unstrung to see the fountain of water anywhere.
Sha-‘aaa-‘iRIllaah – (the signs of God Almighty). Sha-‘aaa-‘ir is plural of Sha-‘iirah that means appointed place for worship or manners of worship. During the Pilgrimage, on which appointed places and manners the customs of Pilgrimage are performed, those all are included in “the signs of God Almighty”.
Hajj – in the Islamic worships, it is the fourth pillar. During the month of Zul-Hajjah on appointed dates with proper manner the Pilgrimage of the Ka’-ba (the Square Building at Makkah), to sacrifice an animal particularly during the particular days, going round the Holy Shrine (Ka’-ba), to do endeavor of Safaa and Marwa, and obeying other Customs is called Hajj.
Umrah – (a manner of the pilgrimage of Ka’-ba). Its reward is not equal to Hajj. There is no date or month fixed for this worship. Its traditions are less than Hajj.
Some customs and traditions of Hajj have been described in this verse. God Almighty commands that these are not only the customs but these are the signs of Allah Almighty also. Its purpose is to grow passion of goodness into the human beings. Every individual should bow his/her body and place his forehead on the ground (fall prostrate) in the Court of Allah Almighty being pure from the sins.