Quran Chapter 4-71 & 72 (Pt-5, Stg-1)(L-566) -درس قرآن
Keep yourselves ready for Jihad
Surah ‘An-Nisaaa’ (The Women) – Chapter – 4)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
71. O ye who believe! Take your precautions, then move on as separate units, or advance all together.
72. And lo! Among you there is he who loitereth; and if disaster overtook you, he would say: Allah hath been gracious unto me since I was not present with them.
71. Yaaa-‘ayyu-hallaziina ‘aa-manuu khuzuu hizrakum fan-firuu subaatin ‘awinfiruu jamii-‘aa.
72. Wa ‘inna minkum lamalla-yubatti-‘ann. Fa-‘in ‘asaabat-kum-musii-batun- qaala qad ‘an-‘amAllaahu ‘a-layya ‘iz lam ‘akum-ma-‘ahum shahiidaa.
Subaatin - it is plural of sabat which means separate units and little groups.
Shahiidan – witness, being present (at a particular place) - There are some narrations about this verse that in the beginning, many people embraced Islam in imitation. When Jihad became their duty, they disobeyed and even that some of them began to oppose the religion obviously accompanying the infidels. This verse was revealed at such time.
Behavior of the hypocrites was mentioned in the previous verses. In this verse, their manner of acts at the time of Crusade (Jihad) has been discussed and the Muslims have been prevented to adopt the behavior like them. Islam likes very much that all people should live together with reconciliation and smoothness. But selfishness of the infidels compelled the Muslims to fight. Until the people will remain slaves of their wishes and turn their faces away from the Straight Path due to following and misguidance of Satan, the war may not be ended from the world. The servants of Allah Almighty would have to fight against these slaves of the wishes under compulsion.
The Believers have been directed with urgency in this verse that they should arrange for precautionary things to save themselves from the enemies of the humanity and remain dressed with warlike arms and equipment. When it becomes necessary, then you should move up as separate units, or advance all together to fight them. You should not loiter at that time, because sometimes it spoils due to delay at the time of the battle, and the enemy prospers.
Remember it that there are some such people among you, who practise delay at the rime of proceeding for Jihad and loiter intentionally. They are called hypocrites. Their leader was AbdUllah bin Ubaii. He had determined this way that whenever the Muslims used to go for fighting, he used to remain in the rear with his followers by evading. If the Muslims suffered any disaster or faced any defeat, he used to say, Thank God since I was not present with them. Otherwise, I would have died too. As though, this wrong subject had made room in his heart that he would remain safe at his home from the death and in the battlefield he would die before time.