Quran Chptr 4-59b (Pt-5, Stg-1)(L-559) -درس قرآن
Settlement of dispute
Surah ‘An-Nisaaa’ (The Women) – Chapter – 4)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
59b. Then if ye have a dispute concerning any matter, refer it to Allah and the Messenger if ye are (in truth) believers in Allah and the Last Day. That is better and more seemly in the end.
59b. Fa-‘in tanaaza’-tum fii shay-‘in- fa-rudduuhu ‘ilAllaahi war-Rasuuli ‘in-kuntum tu’-minuuna Billaahi wal-Yawmil-‘Aakhir. Zaalika khayrunw-wa ‘ahsanu ta’-wiilaa.
tanaaza’-tum - (you have a dispute). The words nazaa’ and tanaaza-‘a have also been derived from the same origin, which means ‘to quarrel, to dispute, to argue, misunderstanding, contradiction and to oppose.
Rudduuhu - (refer to), there are many other words from its derivation like ‘irtadaad, murtad etc. Actual aim is ‘to invert, to return towards the Law of Allah Almighty and the traditions of the Last Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) in case of a dispute concerning any matter. That is to say, the decision of the dispute should be finalized in the light of the Will of Allah Almighty and His Last Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him).
We have been guided by Allah Almighty, “If any mutual misunderstanding arises among you and your officials concerning any matter that, whether the command of the ruler is suitable or opposite, then the Scripture (Holy Qur’an) of Allah Almighty and Sayings of His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) should be consulted, and brought it to a conclusion. Then the result, which has been settled, that should be considered mutually correct and fit. And if you (in truth) believe in Allah Almighty and the Last Day, then your (belief) will demand that you should refer the case to the Command of Allah Almighty and Sayings of His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), and that belief will excite you to fear from Their opposition.
We knew from it that the person, who will run away from the command of Allah Almighty and Sayings of His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), is not a Muslim. Therefore, if two Muslims have any dispute with each other, one of both said, “Let’s refer to Law of Divine”. The other said, “I don’t have any regard to the Law of Divine” or “I am not concerned with any Divine way of religion”, then that person is not believer, otherwise he would not have said such words.
Allah Almighty describes, “If you will refer your disputes and discords to Allah and Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), and obey Them, then it will be better for you. Result of referring the matters to Allah And His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) is better than quarreling with one another or deciding according to own opinions.
Today, we observe that the Muslims quarrel with one another and instead of taking decision from Holy Qur’an, they refer their cases to other non-Islamic Laws. The only reason of it is that they keep the casual and closely results in view. They do not know that doing so, they spoil their end (the Day of Resurrection). If they obey the commands of Allah Almighty, their result may be better and more seemly in the end.