Quran Chptr 4-59a (Pt-4,Stg-1)(L-558) -درس قرآن
Those Who should be obeyed
Surah ‘An-Nisaaa’ (The Women) – Chapter – 4)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
59a. O ye who believe! Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger and those of you who are in authority.
59a. Yaaa-‘ayyu-hallaziina ‘aa-manuuu ‘atii-‘Ullaaha wa ‘atii-‘ur-Rasuula wa ‘ulil-‘amri min-kum.
This verse is soul of Islamic political and general administrative system and key to fundamental principles of the country. A very important matter has been described in this verse. That is to say, who should be obeyed by the mankind in the matters of his/her life and heed the bidding of whom?
It is the miracle of the Word of Allah Almighty to narrate too much important and original subject in one sentence only. If we keep the order of this sentence in sight, then a lot of misapprehensions and depravities are dispelled, and those bondage, which human beings have adhered upon themselves, are broken.
It is being ordered: Yaaa-‘ayyu-hallaziina ‘aa-manuuu – (O ye who believe)!
- ‘Atii-‘Ullaaha (Obey Allah)
- wa ‘atii-‘ur-Rasuula (and obey the Messenger)
- wa ‘ulil-‘amri min-kum (and those of you who are in authority)
Obedience of Allah Almighty will be through the Law, He revealed. He informed the humankind in every time about His Will. The person, who obeyed His instructions, succeeded and obtained deliverance.
Obedience of the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) will be in the form of following His actions, sayings and motions. The Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon them) were sent in each dwelling and village. After them, Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) came in the world as the last Messenger (Khatamul-Mursaliin). The human being, who will follow the Comely Model Role(‘Uswatun Hasanah) of the Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), he/she will be fortunate, successful and beloved of Allah Almighty.
Obedience of ‘ulil-‘amr (those of you who are in authority) will be done by means of acting upon the laws and guidance issued by the ruler, provided that he is from the Muslims. The condition of min-kum (those of you) has discharged the Muslims from obedience of any transgressor, mischievous or rebel of Allah Almighty and His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him). Neither any such ruler will be paid homage, who does not believe in Allah Almighty and His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), nor it will be yielded in such a matter, which is against the Will of Allah Almighty and His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), and nor such law will be respected, which is against the Laws of Allah Almighty and His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him).
Muslim doctors of law and religion opposed very oppressive and tyrant kings openly and did not bow their heads before their non-Islamic rules and regulations. Resultant they suffered countless afflictions.