Quran Chptr 4-58 (Pt-5, Stg-1)(L-557) -درس قرآن
Restoration of deposits and Justice
Surah ‘An-Nisaaa’ (The Women) – Chapter – 4)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
58. Lo! Allah commandeth you that ye restore deposits to their owners, and if ye judge between mankind, ye judge justly. Lo! Comely is this which Allah admonisheth you. Lo! Allah is Ever – Hearer , Seer.
58. ‘InnAllaaha ya’-murukum ‘an-tu- ‘addul- ‘amaanaati ‘ilaaa ‘ah-lihaa, wa ‘izaa hakamtum bay-nannaasi ‘an-tah-kumuu bil-‘adl. ‘InnAllaaha ni-‘immaa ya- ‘izukum-bih. ‘InnAllaaha kaana Samii-‘am- Basiiraa.
‘Al- ‘amaanaati – (The deposits), its singular is ‘amaanat. That is to say; the thing, which has been kept with someone for some times, and after some days, that is returned surely on demand. Ameen is that undefiled person, who does not embezzle in the deposits, returns it on demand without any evasion and reduction.
Tu- ‘addul- ‘amaanaati ‘ilaaa ‘ah-lihaa – (ye restore (you should return the) deposits to their owners. tu- ‘addu (you should pay (return or restore). ‘ah-lihaa (to its owners), it means, those people who are owners of any deposits, moreover, those persons who are correct commendable and deserving of the trust. Its aim is that the deposits should not be handed over to the unworthy persons. In this revolution of time, the ballot (vote) is a very big national trust. To vote any incapable or enemy of the religion and faith is not less than national dishonesty.
It was manner of the Jews that they used to embezzle in the charge, used to support, show favor by taking bribe at the time of settling the disputes, and contradict the justice during finalization of the decisions. Allah Almighty has admonished the Muslims about both the badness in these verses. In this connection, it has also been narrated that when Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) wished to enter the House of Allah on the day of victory of Makkah, at that time, Usman bin Talha was holding the key of the Masjidul-Haraam, and he denied to hand over the key and open the Door. Then Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) snatched the key from him and opened the Door. When Muhammad, Prophet of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) came out from the Masjid after necessary deed, then Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) requested the Beloved Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) to grant him the key. In this situation, above-mentioned verse was revealed and the key was returned to Usman bin Talha. About which order of Justice and returning of charge, Allah Almighty has instructed us, that is entirely for our own interest. Allah Almighty knows very well about our open and hidden, present and future affairs. Therefore, if it seems any time that restoring of the deposits is not convenient, then this thinking should be ignored and command of Allah Almighty be obeyed.
Second Instruction is regarding Justice. It is a great work, if neither the right, nor truth is left from the hands in the affairs, law-suits and cases, and nor the justice is slaughtered. Justice is the spirit of Islam. Stability of peace and life of the world depends upon it.