Quran Chptr 4-63&64 (Pt-4,Stg-1)(L-562) -درس قرآن
Correct manners and deeds
Surah ‘An-Nisaaa’ (The Women) – Chapter – 4)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
63. Those are they, the secrets of whose hearts Allah knoweth. So overlook them and admonish them, and speak to them eloquent words that would touch their very souls.
64. We sent no messenger save that he should be obeyed by Allah’s leave. And if, when they had wronged themselves, they had but come unto thee and asked forgiveness of Allah, and the Messenger (also) asked forgiveness for them, they would have found Allah Forgiving, Merciful.
63. ‘Ulaaa-‘ikallaziina ya’-la-mUllaahu maa fii quluubihim fa- ‘a’- riz ‘anum wa ‘iz-hum wa qul-lahum fiii ‘anfusihim qawlam-baliigaa.
64. Wa maaa ‘arsalnaa mir-Rasuulin ‘illaa liyutaa-‘a bi-‘iznIllaah. Wa law ‘annahum ‘iz-zalamuuu ‘anfusahum jaaa-‘uuka fastag-farUllaaha was-tag-fara lahu-mur-Rasuulu la-waja-dUllaaha Tawwaa-bar-Rahiimaa.
Zalamuuu - this word has been derived from the word zulm, which means tyranny, against the truth, rule or right, violence, cruelty and such act due to which someone harms (any other person or himself).
‘anfusa - it is plural of nafs (the breath, respiration, the soul, the spirit, essence, heart, the person etc.). It also comes for the meaning of “belonging to, concerning, relevant, depending on” in the paraphrase. For the first verse (# 63), these meanings are proper, while for the second verse (# 64) the meaning as “the soul” is accurate.
Baliigaa - (eloquent), to speak in such a deep toned voice, which effects one’s heart and he understands it wholeheartedly.
In this verse, Allah Almighty says that their behavior is wrong and unbecoming; you should not be deceived from their apparent condition and smattering talks. Allah Almighty knows that entire, whatever they have in their hearts and He will punish them for their evil deeds at the appropriate time. Prophet Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) is being commanded by Allah Almighty, “Do not care for their absurd and hypocritical deeds and keep up advising them”. Then it has been explained that if, when they had wronged themselves, they had but come unto thee, be abashed and asked forgiveness of Allah Almighty, requested the Messenger to ask Allah Almighty also for their forgiveness, then they would have found Allah Almighty most Forgiving and Merciful. At that time, Allah Almighty would have surely forgiven their error. Instead of being ashamed and repenting, they began to refuse their crime and swear that they did not commit any crime but their intention was good and they went there; only for harmony and kindness.