Quran Chptr 4-37&38 (Pt-4, Stg-1)(L-542)- درس قرآن
Surah ‘An-Nisaaa’ (The Women) – Chapter – 4)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
37. Who are miserly and bid people to be miserly, and hide that which Allah hath bestowed upon them of His Bounty. And for disbelievers We have prepared a shameful doom.
38. And (also) those who spend their wealth in order to be seen of men, and believe not in Allah nor the Last Day. And whoso taketh Satan for a comrade, a bad comrade hath he.
37. ‘Allaziina yab-khaluuna wa ya’-muruu-nannaasa bil-bukhli wa yaktumuuna maaa ‘aataa-humullaahu min fazlih. Wa ‘a’-tadnaa lil-kaafiriina ‘azaabam-muhiinaa.
38. Wallaziina yunfi-quuna ‘amwaalahum ri-‘aaa-annaasi wa laa yu’-minuuna billaahi wa laa bil-Yawmil-‘Aakhir. Wa many-yakunish-shaytaanu lahuu qariinan fasaaa-‘a qariinaa.
This verse is about those people, who are miserly from spending in the path of Allah Almighty themselves and wish to keep off other people too from this goodness. Particularly those children of Israel, in whose Scripture ‘Torah’ the glad tidings about the Last Messenger Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allah Almighty be upon him)were existent, and the verses were mentioned about the truth of Islam, but they used to hide them.
It was told in the previous verse, that the people who are proud and boastful on their wealth, Allah Almighty should never like them. Now it has been commanded that these are the characteristics of such people who are niggard. They spend nothing in the way of Allah Almighty, nor give any advantage to the others. Allah Almighty bestowed them knowledge and wealth but they hide it from other people. They persuade the people for avarice with their tongues as well as their actions. Allah Almighty says, “For disbelievers we have prepared a shameful doom.”
These are also peculiarities of the proud people that they spend their wealth only in order to be seen of men and for cheating, that is to say; they are stingy for spending in the way of Allah Almighty, and they bid the people to be miserly for this purpose. However, certainly they spend their wealth in order to be seen of men. Neither those people believe in Allah Almighty nor do they have any faith in the Last Day (the Day of Resurrection). That is why they do not spend their wealth in order to get the pleasure of Allah Almighty and for the purpose of reward. However, they just want to show others their goodness.
The favorite and accepted manner near Allah Almighty is to perform the rights of human beings, and aim of spending the wealth should be to get His pleasure, and have hope for reward in the Hereafter. Only those people who are possessed by the devil, do the acts of insincerity and public show.