The Criterion among Right and Wrong is Qur’an
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verse – 185b of 286, Section – 23 of 40 (Part - 2)
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful
Guidance for mankind, and clear proofs of the guidance, and the Criterion (of right and wrong).
Hudal-linnaasi wa bayyinaatim-minal-hudaa wal-furqaan.
To manifest the excellence of the blessed month of Ramadan Allah Almighty explained in the beginning of this verse that Holy Qur’an was begun to reveal upon the Last Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) in this month. Now three characteristics of Holy Qur’an have been explained as under:
1. Hudan (guidance) –Holy Qur’an is spring of guidance for the entire humankind. Every individual can get to know the Straight Path to reach the Creator and the object destination of life only through this Scripture. Every source of guidance other than Holy Qur’an misleads. Except it every path will be the path of straying and deviation. Only Holy Qur’an is the Scripture which can guide unto the Straight Path. Aggregately to pass the human life successfully, Holy Qur’an provides all those principles and codes regarding its all aspects, which indicate towards the Straight Path and the aimed destination. It has been mentioned in this verse Hudal-linnaas (guidance for the whole mankind). For more details of the word ‘guidance’ please study Lesson # 9 from Holy Qur’an (STRAIGHT PATH).
2. Bayyinaatim-minal-hudaa – (clear proofs of the guidance) Holy Qur’an has so explained the entire principles and codes of guidance that these have become completely clear, easy, simple and light, and every individual can understand them easily because excellence of Holy Qur’an is ‘bayyinaat’ (clear proofs). So the principles of Holy Qur’an relate to common sense, simple and practicable. Nothing is against the wisdom and no principle is impracticable.
3. Al-furqaan – (the Criterion (separator of right from wrong), it is the third excellence of Holy Qur’an that the people who recite this Sacred Scripture, correct decision power grows into them. They become capable to make a distinction between true and false, just and absurd, truth and a lie, faith and infidelity, correction and quarrel, obedience and rebellion, worship and refusal. They can distinguish among good and bad. So ‘Al-Furqaan’ (the Criterion (of right and wrong) is also the characteristic of the Holy Qur’an.
The book like this, which has these three characteristics, if Her every command is not the Message of life for humankind, then what is this? Its each command has been filled with countless auspiciousness, blessings and wisdom.
Would that the Muslims get it understood themselves, as well as cause to understand also to the world. If we are unable to spread the Word of Allah Almighty in every corner of the world then it would be dishonesty in the Trust.
And whosoever of you is present, let him fast the month.
Faman- shahida min-kumush-Shahra fal-yasumh.
It has been described in this part of verse that the individual who remains alive till the month of Ramadan, must fast. Concession is only for the ailing and the passenger. It is commanded, owing to the excellence of the month of Ramadan, which are being discussed once again, as an abstract.
Fasting is a tradition in every nation of the world, for example; on the day of Ashurah (10th of the first lunar month), the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) and His nation got freedom from the cruelty of Pharaoh. So the fast of that day was begun in the Children of Israel. The Law of Fasting exists also in the Christians. Concept and custom of fasting does exist in the Indians and other nations too. Details are different but the reality is present.
Fasting has countless virtues. It puts good effects on the health and spirit. The rich are well-informed about the poor practically. Equation grows among the people who eat bellyful and the people who suffer starving, Spiritual powers develop with it. Sensual wishes are controlled. God fearing becomes strong in the mankind, for example; if there is season of summer, every living thing feels severe thirst. The cold water exists in the house, nobody is there to see the Faster, but he/she doesn’t drink the water.
This all is because the respect of the Command of Allah Almighty has settled down in his/her heart. Now no other power can defeat the individual and while according to the Command of God Almighty, he has made own habit to give up the legal, lawful and pure desires during the month of Ramadan through fasting, then he won’t feel any difficulty in leaving the illegal, unlawful and bad habits. This is the moral cleanliness, of which, the purpose of fasting is to grow.
It has come in Sayings of God’s Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) that if a faster does not give up telling a lie, absurd talks and useless deeds, God Almighty does not care for his leaving to eat and drink. Though, the real purpose of fasting is to correct the morality. If the manners are not corrected, then there is no advantage of the fasting. It is the obligation upon the Muslims that due to so much virtues and importance of the fasting, we should keep the fasting every year of this month, respect the month of Ramadan and create physical, spiritual and moral characteristics into us, so that the purpose of the Revelation of Holy Qur’an is fulfilled, and the month of Ramadan is proved as the real festival and token of the Revelation of Holy Qur’an.