How should we magnify God and be thankful to Him?
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verse – 185c of 286, Section – 23 of 40 (Part - 2)
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful
And whosoever of you is sick or on a journey, (let him fast the same) number on other days. Allah desireth for you ease; He desireth not hardship for you;
Wa man- kaana mariizan ‘aw ‘alaa safarin fa- ‘iddatum-min ‘ayyaa-min ‘u-khar. Yuriidullahu biku-mul-yusra wa laa yuriidu bikumul- ‘usr.
This reality has been disclosed in this verse of the Holy Qur’an that the Natural Religion i.e. Islam is very easy and simple. Islam does not desire severe hardships, arduous labors or impracticable worships. Moreover, much capacity and countless facilities have been kept in Islam. Weak and pressed people have been conceded. There is none such command in the Divine Law of Islam in which consideration regarding circumstances, age, health, season and other compulsions and difficulties of the human being would not have been kept before.
It was commanded in the previous verse that whosoever of you exists during the month of Ramadan, should fast. Perhaps it might be considered by some individuals that the entire people have come under this command and there is no concession for the excusable persons. So now this command has been repeated that those individuals who are ailing or in journey, they can keep fasting during any other month instead of the month of Ramadan and can obtain pleasure of God Almighty.
It has been known also by us from this verse that although, apparently the commands of Divine are felt some more arduous and difficult but in fact, those are for success, promotion and easiness of the Straight Path, because God Almighty has no enmity with us that He would have commanded us difficult. But He is our Creator, Worshiped and the Most Beneficent. He keeps regard in every condition for easiness and facility. His every command is for our advisability of life and prosperity.
The Commands, to which we suppose difficult, in fact, those are easy too. We consider them difficult due to our own laziness and comfort. Really we have never heard till today that whether any individual has died due to the fasts of Ramadan or somebody has become sick? In spite of this, we have observed that the individuals have recovered from illness due to fasting, and then what will let you say about the spiritual power?
And (He desireth) that ye should complete the period, and that ye should magnify Allah for having guided you, and that peradventure ye may be thankful.
Wa litukmilul-‘iddata wa litukabbirullaaha ‘alaa maa hadaakum wa la-‘allakum tashkuruun.
Great aim of fasting is fear of God (abstinence) as it has been discussed earlier in the verse 83, (Lesson # 187). Now in the last part of this verse other three purposes of the fasting have been described.
Litukmilul-‘iddata (you should complete the period), it means that the disabled people may keep the fasts in another time besides the month of Ramadan and complete the calculation of that month. It is the Grace and Kindness of Allah Almighty that if any individual couldn’t fulfill his duty in time and might not execute the command at due time, then he is given another chance so that he may fulfill the Command of God Almighty and may acquire His pleasure, though fulfillment of the commands of the Divine is necessary. Advantage may be reaped from the facilities but cannot be ignored.
LitukabbirUllaaha (that you should magnify Allah), the purpose is to sing the songs of magnificence and greatness of Allah Almighty, acting upon His bestowed Guidelines. It is Mercy of God Almighty also that He has shown us the Straight Path with His wisdom and knowledge, the individual, who goes that path, remains safe from every calamity and distress. The mankind should try to elevate the prestige, the name and the religion of Allah Almighty, remain busy to magnify the religion day and night, and try to get delight of Allah Almighty every time, elevate His name in the East and the West, so that no nation may remain deprived from the guidance.
La-‘allakum tashkuruun (peradventure you may be thankful), the third aim of the fasting is that, we should thank God Almighty on His blessings and be grateful to Him for His favors. The meaning of thankful for blessings of Allah Almighty is that, we should use those blessings in the determined manner. We should not disdain and be ungrateful for the facilities, which have been provided to us by Allah Almighty. Moreover, we should use the powers, virtues, blessings and abilities, given by Him, in good and correct manner.