Corruption and bribe
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verse – 188b of 286, Section – 23 of 40 (Part - 2)
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful
Nor seek by it to gain the hearing of the judges that ye may knowingly devour a portion of the property of others wrongfully.
Wa tudluu bihaaa ‘ilal-huk-kaami li-ta’-kuluu fariiqam-min ‘amwaalin-naasi bil-‘ismi wa ‘antum ta’-lamuun.
Tudluu – this word has come out from ‘adlaaa’, which means “putting a bucket in the well, causing anything anywhere” or the meaning “making it a source” can also be taken from it. Actually it aims that you should neither seek gain by giving money or any other valuable thing to the officials for getting their favor and nor put affect on the rulers/officers by means of bribing them or giving them property as financial gifts for approaching and reaping unlawful advantage.
Fariiqan – (a part, a portion or a share), it also means any group or party, but here it has been used as portion or part.
Bil-‘ismi – (unjust, untrue), all kinds of mistakes, errors, omissions or evils are included in the meanings of the word ‘ism.
For justice, equity and security of the rights of the people in society, Holy Qur’an has forced here on two things:
1. If anybody intends to put affect on the rulers and officials, and wins their influence by means of tributes, presents, gifts, holding feasts and bribe, and uses all other likewise means, these entire are unlawful, because doing so, the rulers may become partial and supporter. The balance of the justice is bent, existence of the truth-loving and justice ends, tyranny and rights destruction becomes common, false claims, false documents, liar evidences, false oath forms and slinking away from the true talk - becomes common. Due to these evils - corruption in the society spreads and the ratio of slaughtering and killing increases. This law has been made to be saved from all these evils because it is necessary to keep the rulers/officials neutral, just-lovers and partial of the right, so that none may try to tempt the officials with his property/wealth.
2. Holy Qur’an has commanded us that due to every individual’s conscience, the mankind inclines towards goodness in every matter and business/money dealings and his heart reproaches him due to evil. It is clear that, however; the matters will be decided by the best court and the best just ruler according to situation of the law-suit and evidence of the witnesses, and it is possible - to err and slip into them. So, in spite of the decision of any Justice or Ruler, actual guilty may be saved from crime according to their view and the evil-doer from punishment of his evil. But the conscience of the human being can not deceive him on the condition that he would not have killed his conscience by pressing it again and again.
It has come in the Sayings that once; the Messenger of Allah Almighty (Grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) commanded that whenever any case is brought unto Me, the plaintiff proves it correct while the Right is on the other side, I decide according to the statement. But he should understand that unlawfully getting the property of any person is just like getting the Fire.