Fight in the Way of God but begin not hostilities
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verse – 190 of 286, Section – 24 of 40 (Part - 2)
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful
And fight in the Way of Allah against those who fight against you, but begin not hostilities. Lo! Allah loveth not aggressors.
Wa qaatiluu fii sabiiLIlaahil-laziina yuqaatiluunakum wa laa ta’-taduu. ‘Innallaaha laa yuhibbul-mu’-tadiin.
Qaatiluu – (fight), this word has been derived from the word Qataal, which means ‘to fight’. The Muslims are being commanded at the stage when the enemies and oppressors of Islam have had tyrannized them. This oppression was not only for a few days, but they were being oppressed for last thirteen years during the stay in Makkah. Having patience in reply of aggression and cruelty of Infidels, when the Muslims left their homes and native land, and colonized in Madina, then after so long and hard trial,they were permitted to fight against the enemies for protection which was due to their attacks and the act of vexing also again and again.
Fii sabiiLIllaahi – (in the Way of God Almighty), that is to say; not for their own need, but only to repute the name of Allah Almighty, to efface the plurality, to support the Right Religion and to attain the pleasure of God Almighty.
‘Al-laziina yuqaatiluunakum – (those who fight against you), namely; those people, who raised the weapons over you. There have been revealed two things from these words:
· The war was neither begun first by the Muslims and nor they were to be so. All the battles fought by the Muslims against the Infidels, in which Holy Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) participated, were only for defense and protection purpose.
· The war would only be fought against those people who participate practically in it. The entire old people, children, women, patients and impartial individuals are excluded. It is not lawful in Islam to fight against them. However, all enemies are included in ‘Al-laziina yuqaatiluunakum who are busy in preparations against Islam and the Muslims, and are helping the enemy fighters in any form.
Laa ta’-taduu – (don’t begin hostilities), this word has come out from the word ‘i’-ta-daa, which means ‘to advance from the just’ and go forth from the limits. It may have many forms:
· The meaning of ‘the Limits’ can be the limits of Divine of the Religion, for instance; to kill also those persons of enemy nation emotionally as revenge and anger, who have not participated in the battle, to burn their crops, gardens and fruit-bearing trees and to kill their speechless animals.
· Aim of ‘the limit’ may also be the limit of agreement, for example; ‘not to care also the agreements personally; following the other nations and attacking by starting breach of faith to their promise’.
· One other form of crossing ‘the limit’ may be ‘to fight for any other cause or purpose than Fii sabiiLIllaahi (in the Way of God Almighty)’.