Further Commands regarding Hajj and Umrah
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verse – 196c of 286, Section – 24 of 40 (Part - 2)
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful
And shave not your heads until the offering has reached their destination. And whoever among you is sick or hath an ailment of the head must pay a ransom of fasting or alms-giving or offering.
Wa laa tahliquu ru-‘uusakum
hattaa yablugal-hadyu mahil-lah. Faman-kaana minkum- mariizan ‘awbihiii ‘azam-mir-ra’-sihii fa-fidyatum-min- siyaa-min ‘aw
sadaqatin ‘aw nusuk.
Nusuk – (offering) literally it means the sacrifice. Here it aims “to sacrifice in the Way of God Almighty, which should not be less than a goat and it is better if a cow or camel is sacrificed.
Mahil-lah – (its destination) that is to say, the place of sacrifice, which signifies toward the Bayt-Ullaah (at Makkah).
Islam is a natural religion. Its Commands have been legislated entirely according to the nature of human beings. Every individual’s qualities and weaknesses have been kept in view in Islam. His needs and desires have been considered. The matters which were necessary for evaluation, promotion and success of the mankind, have been prescribed compulsory and needful. Which things were not useful for the life and object of the mankind, have been fixed unlawful and forbidden.
Primary part of the verse is Appendix of the order of Muh-sir (who has been prevented) recitation of which began in the previous verse. It was stated up to the point that the individual who has made a vow of Pilgrimage (Hajj) or a Visit (Umrah) and any objection/excuse has been happened for him in the pathway that he can’t perform the Hajj or Umrah, then he should send the animal to sacrifice unto BaytUllaah (the House of Allah at Makkah). This Order has been finalized in this verse stating that till the time this animal doesn’t reach the Haram and is not sacrificed there, this individual (Muh-sir) can’t shave his head; it means that he can’t open the Ihraam.
Common Instructions Regarding Pilgrimage (Hajj)
Allah Almighty has given another concession for the excusable/disabled people in the command of Hajj. That is to say; the individual who can’t obey the command of shaving his head during the time of Hajj, for example; he is compelled not to shave his head due to either any disease or any other cause, then; either he should keep the fasts for three days as its ransom so that his spirit may remain pure from the rebellion or he should give 1-3/4 KG wheat (at the scale of Sadaqah Fitr – Alms – Fitranah) to the six poor persons so that he may not fall back from the pathway of God Almighty due to non obeying the first command or he should sacrifice an animal.
And if ye are in safety, then whosoever contenteth himself with Visit (Umrah) for the Pilgrimage (shall give) such offering as can be had with ease. And whosoever cannot find (such offering), then a fast of three days while on the Pilgrimage, and of seven when ye have returned; that is, ten in all.
Fa-‘izaaa ‘amintum, faman-
tamatta-‘a bil- ‘Um-rati ‘ilalHajji famastaysara
yajid fa- siyaamu salaasati
‘ayyaamin- fil-Hajji wa sab-‘atin ‘izaa
raja’-tum. Tilka ‘asharatun-
‘Amintum – (you are in safety) that is to say; whenever you come in safety and peace from the situations of danger and disease.
Tamatta-‘a – (get benefit) in the sense of religious theology, it aims “to perform the Pilgrimage and Visit (Hajj and Umrah) joining the both”, namely performing Umrah duly worn with ‘Ihraam during the times of Pilgrimage and then with another ‘Ihraam the Pilgrimage - Hajj) is performed. During the times of Ignorance, the Arabs had invented such false belief that it was sin to perform the Umrah in the season of Pilgrimage.
‘Izaa raja’-tum – (whenever you return) it signifies that when you return after the completion of the Rituals of Pilgrimage, whether the Pilgrim is staying still in Makkah and he has not yet returned to his native country. However, some scholars have taken the meanings of this narration that whenever you reach your home from Makkah.
This command is for that Pilgrim in this verse, who wishes to perform both (Hajj and Umrah) in the season of Pilgrimage. It is called Tamatta’ or Qir’aan. This type of Pilgrim is required to sacrifice either one goat or seventh share of a cow or a camel. This sacrifice is not required by that Pilgrim who performs only Pilgrimage and he doesn’t perform the Umrah with It. Those people who perform the Pilgrimage Tamatta’ or Qir’aan but they can’t attain the sacrifice due to poorness or any other strong reason, then it is compulsory for them that they should fast for ten days, three - during the days of Pilgrimage which finish on the ninth Zul-Hajjah (the Day of ‘Arafah) and seven after reaching their native land. This expiation has been fixed in the form of fasting due to the reason that while any individual is unable to obey the command of God Almighty then his spirit may not bring him unto the rebellion or disobedience. So, he should keep fasting so that his spirit may remain pure and his intention remains good.