Righteousness versus Those who find a cause of disagreement in the Scripture
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verses – 175 to 177a of 286, Section –22 of 40 (Part - 2)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
175. Those are they who purchase error at the price of guidance, and torment at the price of pardon. How constant are they in their strife to reach the Fire!
176. That is because Allah hath revealed the Scripture with the truth. And those who find (a cause of) disagreement in the Scripture; are in open schism.
175. ‘Ulaaa-‘ikallazii-nashtara-wuz-zalaalata bil-hudaa wal-‘azaaba bil-magfirah. Famaaa ‘asbarahum ‘alan-Naar.
176. Zaalika bi-‘annAllaaha nazzalal-Kitaaba bil-Haqq. Wa ‘innallazii-nakhtalafuu fil-kitaabi lafii shiqaaqim- ba-‘iid.
The people, who hide the truth and sell the religion for a few coins, reality of their business has been described in this verse. They deem individually that they have collected the wealth; selling the Truth; earned the world, collected goods of pleasure and did very good business. But Holy Qur’an describes that in fact. they have lost everything in this business, they have purchased error at the cost of guidance, forgot the straight path and chose the cursed way, took shelter in darkness leaving the Light, liked depravity instead of Faith, this world instead of the Day of Resurrection, and torment at the cost of pardon. Which business will be more harmful and injurious than it? Those people achieved casual gains and did not care for that comfortable life which will be for ever.
It is a very big sin to hide the true speech, to color falsely to the commands of God Almighty, to deal in selling the Right. Punishment of this evil is very much painful. We should learn from the misdeeds of the Children of Israel so that we may save ourselves from the sins/evildoing.
Why did this all happen? Hence God Almighty revealed the Right/Just but they opposed it. If there would be any lawful reason then it were right, but they did not believe in the Truth due to only adversity and religious persecution. They were prepared to contradict for enmity and opposed instead of cooperation. They supposed racial and family inheritance also to the religion. They turned their faces from the last Messenger (May glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) of God Almighty; only due to the reason that He (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) was from the Children of Ishmael (peace be upon Him) and was not one from the Children of Israel (peace be upon Him), although they both were Children of the same Forefather - Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him).
177a. It is not righteousness that ye turn your faces to the East and the West; but righteousness is this that one should believe in Allah and the Last Day and the angels and the Scripture and the Prophets;
177a. Laysal-birra ‘an- tuwalluu wujuuhakum qibalal-Mashriqi wal-Magribi wa laakinnal-birra man ‘aama-na BIllaahi wal- Yawmil-‘Akhiri wal- malaaa—ikati wal-Kitaabi wan-nabiyyiin.
‘Al-birra – (Righteousness) it has vast meanings in Arabic language. Every kind of justification, goodness and uprightness, comes in the comprehension of this word.
‘Al-Mashriqu – (the East, from which direction the sun rises), Many eastern nations have used to worship the Sun believing as god, and because it rises in the east so uneducated nations took it as a sacred direction. Holy Qur’an stroke this thought severely and told that it is not the righteousness and obedience to take only anyone direction as sacred. Completion of the righteousness exists only with true beliefs and good deeds.
‘Al- malaaa—‘ikatu - (the Angels) (peace be upon them), to admit the existence of that bright creature which keeps doing the works commanded by Allah Almighty, it is necessary to believe in them (peace be upon them).
‘Al-Kitaabu - (the Scripture) means the entire Heavenly Scriptures. It is necessary also to have faith in all of them.
‘An-nabiyyiin – it signifies towards the entire Prophets (peace be upon them) who came in this world time and time again for guidance of the human beings from God Almighty. It is necessary too to believe in all of them.
When the Children of Israel heard the proclamation by means of Holy Qur’an about censure of partnership with God Almighty and punishment of infidelity, they shivered with terror and replied by saying that we worship confronting Bait-ul-Muqaddas (Jerusalem). So we even follow the Heavenly Scripture. Why shall we suffer the Doom? In this verse, it has been replied to their stubbornness.
This verse is one of the most important verses. A comprehensive concept of the righteousness has been mentioned in it that the virtue is not only the name of mere devotion and worship, and it is not also the name of worship by turning face towards any particular direction. Moreover, near to Islam the righteousness grows correcting the both, the faith and the personal deeds. It has equal importance for belief, affairs, prayers, morality, behavior, sincerity and sacrifice (all).