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Attack him in like manner as someone attacked you

Attack him in like manner as someone attacked you

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verse – 194 of 286, Section – 24 of 40 (Part - 2)



BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

The forbidden month for the forbidden month, and forbidden things in retaliation. And one who attacketh you, attack him in like manner as he attacked you.  
‘Ash-Shahrul-Haraamu  bish-Shahril-Haraami  wal-hurumaatu  qisaas.  Famani’-tadaa  ‘alaykum  fa’-taduu ‘alayhi  bi-misli  ma’-tadaa ‘alaykum.

Lesson

‘Ash-Shahrul-Haraamu – (The forbidden month), during the times of ignorance, different tribes of the Arab used to keep up fighting always; but they had settled this matter that the war would be stopped during the following four months and this period would be passed with peace and truce. Near them, these four months were very sacred and reverent. These four months are:

Muharram    - first month of lunar calendar
Rajjab            - seventh month of lunar calendar
Zii-Qa’dah     - eleventh month of lunar calendar
Zul-Hajjah    - twelfth month of lunar calendar

Occasion of this verse’s revelation (Shaani Nazuul) and its historical background has been described that the Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) proceeded to Makkah for the purpose of pilgrimage (Umrah) with His some Companions (may Allah be pleased with them) in the month of Zii-Qa’dah seventh Hirah calendar. But the Idolaters of Makkah became ready to fight against them. Rather, they began archery and stoning. Even they didn’t care  for the forbidden and sacred month. This verse indicates toward this month.
 
God Almighty commands that dignity and respect of any month can remain until the time if the other party respects and honors it also. If it is no so, then there is no base of any forbidden month. If the opposite party doesn’t refrain from war even during the forbidden month, then you should attack them also in like manner as they attacked you. If they have not respected either the forbidden month or the forbidden place, or the Muslims have made a vow of Pilgrimage (‘Ih-raam), even then you should be ready and pick up your weapons.

Afterwards, it has been proclaimed that if they have oppressed you instead of caring for all forbidden matters then you should reply them also in the same manner. Here the word a’-tadaa (attack him) has come because it is the usage in the Arabic language that which action requires punishment, the same word will be used for its punishment. That is to say; ‘punish in answer and slaughter them’. It aims never that ‘you should oppress them also’.          

And observe your duty to Allah, and know that Allah is with those who ward off (evil)  
WattaqUllaaha  wa’-lamuuu ‘an-nAllaaha  ma-‘al-Muttaqiin.

Lesson

‘AttaqUllaaha – (observe your duty to Allah, fear God), the order regarding abstinence, control of passions and God fearing has come again and again in the holy Qur’an that every individual should have fear of God Almighty at the time of doing any work, should adopt abstinence, should control his passions, ward off bad manners, feel disgust from the sins, evildoing and devilishness. These all commands come under one sentence i.e. ‘AttaqUllaaha. The origin of God fearing is very important in every field of the Muslim’s life. Till the time this thing does not manifest in the word and deed of the Muslim, his Islam cannot become perfect. Fear of God teaches him temperance, inclines towards the good deeds and takes away from the bad acts.

It is 194th verse of Surah Al-Baqarah. We have recited ‘14’ times about Fear of God (Taqwa) up to this verse, particularly after the command about worship, after the remembrance of the Children of Israel, after the mention of the principles of the code of morality, after the command regarding retaliation, after the sanction of bequest, after the order of fasting. (Taqwa) has been signified as ‘intended’ and ‘required’ by the mankind to be adopted at every place.

Whether it is being stated about lawful and unlawful in the Holy Qur’an, discussing the matters of marriage and divorce, describing the laws of property and wealth of the orphans and the poor, debating about the distribution of heritage and bequest, clearing the principles of association and mutual social intercourse or enlightening on the matters of slaughter and strive, everywhere, It shall teach the lesson of Taqwa (God fearing) and shall inform certain about its importance, utmost why?

The mankind is puppet of passions, slave of feelings and servant of perceptions. At the time of doing every work, he remains under its impression. He drops down for unjust instead of remaining on temperance and justice. Leaving the level; brings him towards cruelty, violation of right, injustice and oppression. These all things are at very low level of a Muslim, so it is necessary that whether he is earnest in any field of life, he should not give up temperance from his hand.

This lesson is taught to keep every individual on such level that he should keep in view the Existence of God Almighty, His commands and attendance in His Court. He should consider that the entire worldly property and valuables, respect and fame are casual. Real thing is Success in the Court of Allah Almighty. So, if any person has to suffer even some loss casually due to liking the justice, he should bear it because God Almighty helps only those people who fear Him and it is clear that the individual who has been provided Support by Allah Almighty, there is none lucky, obedient and successful person more than him.      

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)