Wednesday, June 14, 2017

Sovereignty of God Almighty - Quran Chapter 5 – 40 (Pt-6, Stg-2) (L-679) - درس قرآن

Quran Chapter 5 – 40 (Pt-6, Stg-2) (L-679) - درس قرآن 

Sovereignty of God Almighty

Surah MAAA-‘IDAH (The Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)


(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)
  فَمَن أَلَمْ تَعْلَمْ أَنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَهُۥ مُلْكُٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَٱلْأَرْضِ يُعَذِّبُ مَن يَشَآءُ وَيَغْفِرُ لِمَن يَشَآءُ وَٱللَّهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَىْءٍ قَدِيرٌ (40

40.  Knowest thou not that unto Allah belongeth the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth? He punisheth whom He will, and forgiveth whom He will. And Allah is Able to do all things.
40.  ‘Alam  ta’-lam  ‘annAllaaha  lahuu  mulkus-samaawaati  wal-‘arz.  Yu-‘azzibu  many-yashaaa-‘u  wa  yagfiru  limany-yashaaa’.  WAllaahu  ‘alaa  kulli  shay-‘in  Qadiir.


The Punishments regarding some crimes i.e. murder, robbery and theft etc. were discussed in the previous lesson. It was possible that some stupid people think about these punishments that those are very severe, because everyone is not able to prove the punishment of any crime after understanding the badness of that crime completely. Apparently, he thinks “Alas! A hale and healthy person has been sentenced to death or cut off a very useful thing like one’s hand forever. Allah Almighty already signified by telling His one attribute with every punishment. An intelligent person will understand immediately from it that God is Mighty and Wise also as He is Able to do all things i.e. He knows the fact of every crime and understands the quantity and limit of that loss which has to bear by the mankind and which disturbance becomes public in the world. And then He determines a suitable punishment of that particular crime, which conforms entirely according to quantity and limit of that particular sin. But it has been disclosed such matter very clearly in this verse for those unintelligent and imprudent people, who cannot view the end and the far results of any deed.

Allah Almighty commands that without any doubt the human being is ignorant but “Can he not know only even that everything in the earth and heavens, whether that is small or big, up or down, present or absent, human or beastly, angelus or belongs to demons, is in the Sovereignty of Allah Almighty. Not only He possesses but He is Owner also of everything and manages the entire universe. He Orders, what He wills, punishes, to whom He wishes and forgives to whom He desires. Nothing is out of His control. He knows everything and deals properly.

The person, who will understand this verse thoroughly, can never criticize any commandment of Allah Almighty. No doubt can take place in one’s heart upon being His order as correct and proper. Wonderful! We accept this rule regarding human being, that the owner of anything can do, what he wants to do with the thing, which is in his ownership, but forget entirely this principle in the case of Allah Almighty.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).