Monday, June 12, 2017

Punishment against theft - Quran Chapter 5 – 38 (Pt-6, Stg-2) (L-677) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 5 – 38 (Pt-6, Stg-2) (L-677) - درس قرآن 

Punishment against theft

Surah MAAA-‘IDAH (The Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)
                                                                               
 وَٱلسَّارِقُ وَٱلسَّارِقَةُ فَٱقْطَعُوٓا۟ أَيْدِيَهُمَا جَزَآءًۢ بِمَا كَسَبَا نَكَٰلًامِّنَ ٱللَّهِ وَٱللَّهُ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌ (38)

38.  As for the thief, both male and female, cut off their hands. It is the reward of their own deeds, an exemplary punishment from Allah. And Allah is Mighty, Wise.   
38.  Was-saariqu  was-saariqatu  faqta-‘uuu  ‘ay-diyahumaa  jazaaa-‘am-  bi-maa  kasabaa  nakaalam-minAllaah.  WAllaahu  ‘Aziizun  Hakiim. 

    Commentary

‘As-saariqu  was-saariqatu – (the thief man and the thief woman), these both words have been derived from Saraqah, which means “Theft”.

At the end of last section of this Surah, punishment for robbers, plunderers, swindlers, killers and mischievous people was explained and told that they intend to fight against Allah Almighty and His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), because they break the Divine Law of the religion, kill the innocent people (servants of Allah Almighty), create and excite a disturbance in the society and country.

Then the Muslims were admonished that they should be reconciled with Allah Almighty, try to get His nearness by His obedience and not to do the deeds like quarrelsome people.
                           
After that, punishment for the thieves has been described in connection with the punishment of the criminals. They are criminals but less than the robbers, because neither they kill anyone, nor frighten and nor threaten the people. They only take away the precious things stealthily and unseen by the owner. But due to this act, the people are much afflicted and sometimes they take pains like agonies of death. Ask the person, whose shoes (not too much costly) have been stolen from the Masjid early in the morning, while he was offering Fajr prayer, particularly while he had to go on duty and had not any money to purchase a new pair of shoes. Moreover, ask from that laborer, who brought a very little sum, earned after severe hardworking, and in the evening his pocket was picked and his wife and children were hungry at home. What should he do now?

It has been commanded that the hands of any thief should be cut off, whether he is male, or she is female. It is the punishment of their bad deeds and not obeying the Order of Allah Almighty. He is Mighty and Wise. Nobody can ignore His command and it is sure that there is advisability in His each Order.

It is sufficient to know here that the person, who steals first time and the crime has been proved, then his/her right hand should be cut off from the wrist. Detail regarding punishment of the thief has been explained in Fiqah (The Science of the Muslim Law).

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/hWHQfYf7ehg