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Repentance and amendment - Quran Chapter 5 – 39 (Pt-6, Stg-2) (L-678) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 5 – 39 (Pt-6, Stg-2) (L-678) - درس قرآن 

Repentance and amendment

Surah MAAA-‘IDAH (The Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)
                                                                               
  فَمَن تَابَ مِنۢ بَعْدِ ظُلْمِهِۦ وَأَصْلَحَ فَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ يَتُوبُ عَلَيْهِ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ (39

39.  But whoso repenteth after his wrongdoing and amendeth, lo! Allah will relent toward him. Lo! Allaah is Forgiving, Merciful.            
39.  Faman-  taaba  mim-ba’-di  zulmihii  wa  ‘aslaha  fa-‘innAllaaha  yatuubu  ‘alayh.  ‘InnAllaaha  Gafuurur-Rahiim.                         

    Commentary

The punishment of a thief was discussed in the previous lesson that his/her hand should be cut off. It is the punishment of his/her crime and declaration of Allah’s displeasure. Then it was told that Allah is Mighty and Wise more than the entire (because everything, which exists in the earth and heavens, has been created by Him).

The thief became too much careless from his/her Creator (God Almighty) that he/she forgot Him and committed such a crime that “others will take the crime of theft ordinary if he/she is not punished properly”. While, if we see at its other side, we shall find that disorder and disturbance will occur in the affairs of the world due to this crime and the people will be confused. The Wisdom of Allah Almighty desires to disclose His Superiority and Power before all the people at such occasion and punish the thief in such a manner that the people tremble by observing this punishment and they never go near this act (act of theft). So Allah Almighty commands His obedient servants, “As for the thief, both male and female, cut off their hands. It is the reward of their own deeds and an exemplary punishment as warning for others”.

It has been explained in this verse that the thief, who wishes to be saved from the punishment of the Day of Resurrection, he/she should repent after wrongdoing and amend oneself (accept heartily, “I shall never commit such bad work again”, along with it, make up the loss, which was harmed by him/her to anyone without any cause and return that person’s property. If the stolen property has been destroyed, then its complete price should be paid in its retaliation i.e. make amends, arrange himself/herself for future and take this matter as, “By stealing, really I tyrannized great”). By doing so, he/she will be forgiven from the punishment of the Doomsday and as he/she has repented before Allah Almighty, He will also relent toward him/her.

Heretofore, after describing about the punishment of robbers and plunderers, it was told also that if they repent then their punishment of the Day of Resurrection will be forgiven too. There, it was also told that “if they repent before arrest, then, that punishment, which they deserved in this world against their crimes, will also be forgiven”. However, the rights of human have been violated. Their forgiveness is in the hands of those people, whose rights have been violated. But there is no description about forgiveness of the worldly punishment in case of theft that “if they repent before arrest, then, that punishment, which they deserved in this world against their crimes, will also be forgiven”. Therefore, the thief will be punished properly when his/her crime is proved.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/hG8Ob88TTSM