Wednesday, June 7, 2017

Retaliation of evil committed by Cain - 2 - Quran Chapter 5 – 32 (Pt-6, Stg-2) (L-672) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 5 – 32 (Pt-6, Stg-2) (L-672) - درس قرآن 

Retaliation of evil committed by Cain - 2

Surah MAAA-‘IDAH (The Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)
           
    Commentary

Cain was the first mankind who killed another mankind being awe-stricken from desire, jealousy and anger. Before Abel, no one was killed by any other individual. When in the world, once a door of killing opened, then the people began to slay one another fearlessly, even that it was felt that this practice should be stopped. And during their times; every Prophet and Messenger (peace be upon him) instructed the people of own folk and prevented them from slaying others.   

In such a manner, other sins and evils would have been spread. When any person committed an evil, then following him, others began to commit the same. The tales of ancient nations have been mentioned in the Holy Qur’aan, “If any evil had been spread in one nation, then any other evil had been spread in any other nation”. The evil, which Prophets, Messengers (peace be upon Them) and their wise believers observed in their own nations, they tried to prevent the people from it.

Distinction of a big sin is that any person or entire group is harmed severely due to it. First form of the loss is tyranny and violation of one’s right. Second form is infringement. It puts the people in difficulties and their acts are hindered. These both evils exist in the murder because everybody has a right of living. To snatch this right from someone due to any reason is tyranny. Secondly, the people begin to run away, fearing one another and it endangers the mutual cooperation and friendly intercourse. It is called infringement and disturbance.

By killing, Cain spread both evils in the society and till the time of the Children of Israel, these evils had been established fully. Therefore, it has been described in this verse, “We ordained this rule for the Children of Israel to stop these evils, that none should kill any other. Remember! Murder of a person is just like killing the entire human beings, because it deteriorates the peace. And saving one’s life is equal to saving lives of all people, because everyone gets confidence of peace from it.

Then Allah Almighty has described, “Our messengers (peace be upon Them) have come unto you of old for your guidance, who caused to hear you Our commands clearly and they have clear proofs of their purity. If even now the people are involved in committing evils and they will not cease from using force, then they are extremely criminals. So, it has been mentioned in this verse that even on this, many people (it signifies towards the Jews) do not abstain from infringement. The Jews remained involved in killing and troubling the people always, even that they slew the Messengers (peace be upon Them). They did never mind to slay or trouble anyone. Even at this time, they do not refrain from oppressing, troubling the Last Messenger, Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) and tyrannizing the Muslims and using force against them. Really they have crossed all limits in wickedness and diabolical acts. So, they have become prodigals in the earth.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/QIzC6MIAOSI