Friday, May 5, 2017

Summary of contents – Surah Maaa-‘idah - Quran Chptr 5 Intro Pt 6 Stg 2 L–639 درس قرآن

Quran Chapter 5 -Summary (Pt-6, Stg-2) (L-639) - درس قرآن 

Summary of contents – Surah Maaa-‘idah

Surah Maaa-‘idah (The Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)


(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

This Surah ’Al-MAA-’IDAH” was revealed in Madinah with effect from 5 AH to 10 AH in parts. In accordance with the Qur’aanic order, it is fifth chapter in the beginning of 2nd Stage (Manzil) out of seven Stages (Manaazil) of Holy Qur’an. First Stage (Manzil) ended on Suratun-NIsaaa’. In Arabic, ’Al-Maaa-‘idah means: “The Table Spread”. The companions of Prophet Jesus (peace be upon Him) requested Him that such a tray of edible food should land on them from the heaven. That event has been described in this chapter. Therefore it was named “The Table Spread” (’Al-Maaa-‘idah).

After its completion, no other complete Surah was revealed. Therefore it is called also “the last Surah of the Holy Qur’aan”. One verse of this Surah was revealed in “the Field of ‘Arafaat” at the time of “The Last Pilgrimage” (named Hajjatul-Widaa’) of the Last Messenger of Allah Almighty, Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him). In that verse, the Muslims were informed: “’Al-Yawma  ‘ak-maltu  lakum  Diina-kum  wa  ‘at-mamtu  ‘alaykum  ni’-maTii  wa  Raziitu  lakumul- ‘ISLAAMA  Diinaa” (This Day have I Perfected your Religion for you and completed My Favour unto you, and Have chosen for you as Religion AL-ISLAM). Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) saw during His life that those Arabs, who rose to oppose Him (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) with full force, they entire embraced Islam {which has been mentioned in Surah An-NASR (SUCCOUR) - 110}.  

There is a special message of this Chapter for the Muslims” “Fulfill your religious duty punctually, regularly and carefully, and show your performance practically according to the Kalimah Laaa ‘ilaaha  ‘illAllaahu, Muhammadur-RasuulUllaah” {None is worthy of worship but God, Muhammad is Messenger of Allah (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him)}, which you have recited heartily and admitted”.  

Some things have been forbidden from taking in this Chapter for the Muslims, limit of friendly relationship with the People of the Scripture has been set up, the principles of ablution and purity have been described, importance of internal chastity has been signified along with external purity, success of both worlds (i.e. this world and the Hereafter – the Day of Resurrection) has been fixed upon performing the religious duties, different types of behaviors from the Jews and the Christians have been mentioned and guided to save themselves from them, the Jews have been advised, “You molested Messenger Moses (peace be upon Him) and disobeyed Him. Now you are given another chance. This Last Messenger Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) has brought unto you very useful commandments. Believe in Him and refrain from oppressing Him” (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him). Example of two sons of Adam (peace be upon Him) has been illustrated to stop the Jews from outbreak and killing unlawfully.  

Two rules of the Jews have been mentioned, which were determined to prevent them from committing the wicked deeds, and the Muslims have been urged that the Jews did not act upon their religion, but the Muslims should carry the commands of their religion perfectly into effect. Then evasions of the Jews and off to fulfill their religious duties, have been described in detail.

Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) commanded: It is your duty to convey the Qur’aanic Message to the entire human beings. Do not ponder about it that, whether the people believe or otherwise. The Muslims have been instructed to remain away from wine and gambling. They have been told to abstain from use of some things, when they are in ‘Ihram.

After that, they have been instructed that they should give up old, bad fashions. Some facts relating to Messenger Jesus (peace be upon Him) have been explained at the end of Surah.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Pak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).