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Detail of lawful things - Quran Chapter 5 – 4 (Pt-6, Stg-2) (L-646) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 5 – 4 (Pt-6, Stg-2) (L-646) - درس قرآن 

Detail of lawful things

Surah MAAA-‘IDAH (The Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

 يَسْـَٔلُونَكَ مَاذَآ أُحِلَّ لَهُمْ قُلْ أُحِلَّ لَكُمُ ٱلطَّيِّبَٰتُ وَمَا عَلَّمْتُم مِّنَ ٱلْجَوَارِحِ مُكَلِّبِينَ تُعَلِّمُونَهُنَّ مِمَّا عَلَّمَكُمُ ٱللَّهُ فَكُلُوا۟ مِمَّآأَمْسَكْنَ عَلَيْكُمْ وَٱذْكُرُوا۟ ٱسْمَ ٱللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ وَٱتَّقُوا۟ ٱللَّهَ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ سَرِيعُ ٱلْحِسَابِ (4 

4.  They ask thee (O Muhammad) what is made lawful for them. Say: (all) good things are made lawful for you; and those beasts and birds of prey which ye have trained, ye teach them that which Allah taught you; so eat of that which they catch for you and mention Allah’s name upon it, and observe your duty to Allah. Lo! Allah is Swift to take account.
4.  Yas-‘aluunaka  maa  zaaa  ‘uhilla  lahum.  Qul  ‘uhilla  lakumut-tayyi-baatu,  wa  maa  ‘allamtum-minal-jawaarihi  mukalli-biina  tu-‘allimuuna-hunna  mimmaa  ‘al-lama-kumUllaah;  fakuluu  mim-maaa  ‘amsakna  ‘alaykum  waz-kurus-mAllaahi  ‘alayh.  Watta-qUllaah.  ‘InnAllaaha  Sarii-‘ul-Hisaab.

    Commentary

Jawaarihi - (trained beasts and birds of prey). Those trained animals, which attack suddenly on the prey and seize it.

Mukalli-biina – to let the trained beast or bird go upon the prey after showing it.

Tu-‘allimuuna – (you teach), it is from ta’-liim. Here it aims, “to teach any hunting beast or bird for catching the prey”.  

In the previous verse, forbidden things were expounded. Then some people asked, “What is lawful for us now? Moreover, whether the prey caught by hunting dog or hawk etc. is lawful for us or not?” This verse was revealed to reply them that except the forbidden things, all good things are made lawful for you. However, any unlawful method should not be used to acquire them like gambling, lottery or usury, because method of getting many good things makes them unlawful.

After that, following proper course of hunting the prey through hunting beasts and birds pointed out:

1.   The hunting beast or bird should be taught properly for hunting. It should keep the prey safe for you instead of eating the prey itself.  

2.   It should not run itself to catch the prey, but you should let it go to catch after showing the prey.

3.   To discipline it, should be so influenced that it should not eat the prey itself; and if it is called back, it should come back on your commandment.

4.   Say the name of Allah (recite BisMillaah) upon the hunting beast before letting it go to catch the prey. There is one more condition in addition to these i.e. the hunting beast should wound the prey, so that some blood of the prey is flown, and if it did not wound the prey, then it is necessary to sacrifice the prey yourself. If the prey died before catching and you could not sacrifice it, then it has become polluted, forbidden and impure. It is compulsory to keep it in mind that cause of letting everything to go should be fear of Allah Almighty, therefore; you must observe your duty to Him. He is Swift to take account.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). 
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