Tuesday, May 16, 2017

Fairness and impartiality - Quran Chapter 5 – 8 (Pt-6, Stg-2) (L-651) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 5 – 8 (Pt-6, Stg-2) (L-651) - درس قرآن 

Fairness and impartiality

Surah MAAA-‘IDAH (The Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)
                                                                               
يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ كُونُوا۟ قَوَّٰمِينَ لِلَّهِ شُهَدَآءَ بِٱلْقِسْطِ وَلَا يَجْرِمَنَّكُمْ شَنَـَٔانُ قَوْمٍ عَلَىٰٓ أَلَّا تَعْدِلُوا۟ ٱعْدِلُوا۟ هُوَ أَقْرَبُ لِلتَّقْوَىٰ وَٱتَّقُوا۟ ٱللَّهَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ خَبِيرٌۢ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ 8  

8.  O ye who believe! Be steadfast witnesses for Allah in equity, and let not hatred of any people seduce you that ye deal not justly. Deal justly, that is nearer to your duty; and observe your duty to Allah. Lo! Allah is Aware of what ye do.
8.  Yaaa-‘ayyu-hallaziina  ‘aamanuu  kuunuu  qawwaa-miina  LIllaahi  shuhadaaa-‘a  bil-qisti  wa  laa  yajri-mannakum  shana-‘aanu  qawmin  ‘alaaa  ‘allaa  ta’-diluu.  ‘I’-diluu:  huwa  ‘aqrabu  lit-taq-waa;  watta-qUllaah.  ‘In-nAllaaha  khabiirum-bimaa  ta’-maluun.

    Commentary

It was uttered with emphasis in the previous verses that the people should fulfill their undertakings with Allah Almighty. In this verse, its one part has been described clearly. This covenant is also hidden in the testimony of Kalimah, “I shall correct my all deeds in accordance with the commands of Allah Almighty”. It has been described here more openly.

Allah Almighty indicates here, “The Belief demands from you to complete two things:

1.   Be ready always to obey Him, bearing in mind Allah’s favors and blessings, and worship Him according to His Instructions.  

2.   Render those people their dues completely, with whom you pass your social life.
                                        
The Belief desires two things from the believers:

1.   Observe your duty to Allah Almighty.

2.   Treat His servants (the humankind) suitably.

It is the summary of the entire religion, which has been mentioned in these two commands:
  
1.   kuunuu  qawwaa-miina  Lillaahi  - (Be steadfast for Allah)

2.   shuhadaaa-‘a  bil-qisti  (witnesses in equity)

We have recited a verse like this, at the end of Wal-Muh-sanaati (Part -5), in Chapter (Surah) Nisaaa’. These two orders were mentioned there as (1).  kuunuu  qawwaa-miina  bil-qisti  and (2).  kuunuu  shuhadaaa-‘a . There, the mention is about “the behavior with human beings in equity” at first, and then, the description is about “observing the duty to (steadfastness for) Allah Almighty”. Here at first is, mention about “steadfastness for Allah Almighty” and then “behavior with the human beings in equity”. That is to say; both orders have been stressed equally and the both duties should be observed side by side. The duty to Allah Almighty would be observed in this manner, “Worship Him”, and the way of treating the people would be in the manner, “Bear in mind the justice and equity in every matter”.

‘Adl means, “To render everyone his/her complete due. Nobody should take part in such a matter, in which there is any chance of violation of one’s right, even that the act of justice should be equally also with the enemy and he should not be deprived of his lawful right due to enmity. Taqwaa (quality of being pious) can be obtained at such time, when level of morality is so much high. Taqwaa means “To escape from evil deeds and sins due to fear of Allah Almighty”.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).  https://youtu.be/sFHhSiICO-0