Skip to main content

Social Principles - Quran Chapter 5 -1 & 2b (Pt-6, Stg-2) (L-643) - درس قرآن

Quran Chapter 5 -1 & 2b (Pt-6, Stg-2) (L-643) - درس قرآن 

Social Principles

Surah MAAA-‘IDAH (The Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)


(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

Many commandments have been given to the Muslims in previous two lessons. Some of them are for special occasions and others are common. Two commandments out of the common; need special attention of the Muslims. The entire badness of our society can be driven away if these two rules are followed. No depravity of the society could be produced in to us if these principles continued also afterwards to be acted upon likewise earlier. But alas! We disregarded them and now the result of our negligence is before us. Those two principles are:

1.   Ta-‘aawanuu  ‘alalbirri  wat-taqwaa – (help one another unto righteousness and pious duty).

2.   Wa  laa  ta-‘aawanuu  ‘alal-‘ismi  wal-‘udwaan – (And help not one another unto sin and transgression).

We have been listening the words “ta-‘aawan and laa ta-‘aawan” (Help and do not help) since long. Let’s understand their meanings today, as the meanings, which have been described in the Holy Qur’aan.Ta-‘aawan means to help one another and laa ta-‘aawan mean ‘not to help one another and turn face. It has been told in this verse, “in which matters, you should help others, and which is the occasion where you cannot help others”? It has been decided in two sentences where, there is no room of any doubt. That is to say; help one another unto righteousness and pious duty, and help not one another unto sin and transgression. Birr means righteousness and Taqwaa means ‘to escape from evil deeds. We should help one another in these two matters. ‘Ism means sin, evil, and ‘udwaan means transgression upon someone. We should never help anyone in these two matters. If it is said in clear words, you can take it as, “Help the good people in their good deeds and do not go near the evildoers, nor help in their evil deeds”.

Those all deeds come under the heading of Birr, due to which the people gain. Taqwaa is fear of Allah Almighty. The act due to which any person is punished either in the world or on the Doomsday or at both places, is called ‘ism. ‘Udwaan means “to effect one’s purpose by pressing the weak than oneself”.

The Form of Ta-‘aawan. The entire people should assemble at any place and devise mutually that, “We all shall help him collectively, who will work for betterment of the public and escape from the sins”. And the form of laa ta-‘aawan is the decision by all people, “We shall break off all connections collectively with him, who will do evils and press the weak”. After establishing in such a manner, it is impossible that anyone might do evil or attain one’s object by pressing the weak.   

Now everybody should think, “Are we not doing against the above-mentioned principles”? If this condition is maintained as it is, then entire world will suffer at last. Good people will expire gradually by pressing and the bad will be living in the whole world. When it would be so, then the entire world will ruin and everything will be finished.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).