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God’s Favors upon the Jews - 2 - Quran Chapter 5 – 20 & 21 (Pt-6, Stg-2) (L-662) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 5 – 20 & 21 (Pt-6, Stg-2) (L-662) - درس قرآن 

God’s Favors upon the Jews - 2

Surah MAAA-‘IDAH (The Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)
           
    Commentary

It has been explanations by the Commentators that, when the people of the native country of Messenger Abraham (peace be upon Him) disobeyed Him and did not give up worship of idols, He (peace be upon Him) flew from His native land ‘Iraq’ and began to live in Syria. At that time, Allah Almighty promised Him (peace be upon Him), “I shall make your children, owners of Syria. Prophet Jacob titled Israel {grandson of Abraham (peace be upon Them)} came to Egypt with His children on the call by His son Joseph (peace be upon Them) after leaving Syria. Then they settled there and were called Bani Israel.

After that, the king of Egypt, Pharaoh began to oppress them, some part of which story has passed in Surah Al-Baqarah, and some part will be recited in Surah Al-A’-raaf and Surah Taa-haa.

Allah Almighty sent Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him), appointing His Messenger, towards Pharaoh, so that He (peace be upon Him) should admonish him to leave molesting the Children of Israel and believe in God Almighty. But he did not believe. At last, Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) brought the Children of Israel, discharging them from Egypt to the other bank across the river. Syria was a little far from that place and during those days, a nation “Amaaliqah” was ruling there. At that time, Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) said to the Children of Israel, “The time of completion of that promise, which was made by Allah Almighty with Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) has come. Syria is of yours, but it is necessary that you would have to strive against Amaaliqah.

It has been mentioned in these verses that Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) wanted to prepare His nation, the Children of Israel, for Jihad and said, “A lot of Favors of Allah Almighty have remained upon you. With effect from the reign of your Grand Father Abraham (peace be upon Him) entire Messengers and Prophets (peace be upon Them) were born in His children i.e. Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob etc. (peace be upon Them). Then Allah Almighty bestowed upon you empire in the world. Out of you, Prophet Joseph (peace be upon Him) became king of Egypt.

Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) had known through Divine revelation about the state of those kings, who had to come from the Children of Israel after Him (peace be upon Him) as David, Solomon etc. (peace be upon Him). He (peace be upon Him) was telling all these Favors of Allah Almighty upon the Children of Israel. To obtain it, they had to obey the Commandment of Allah Almighty by fighting against their enemies at that time. Allah Almighty bestowed upon them ranks of the religion as well as the world. Accordingly, Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon Them) were born from them too and supreme kings also became from them. Therefore, they should enter that holy land and consider themselves most fortunate, that it was promised with their Grand Father Abraham (peace be upon Him) that “Syria country would be given to your children” and that would be fulfilled by your hands.

Before this, Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) sent twelve commanders from the Children of Israel to Syria that they had to bring correct news of that country and tell its circumstances. After returning, they told Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) that Syria had many beauties, but those people, who were in authority there, they were very powerful like demons. Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) said to those commanders, “Tell the people about the excellence of that country and do not say that “those people are very powerful and oppressive, lest after hearing, the Children of Israel lose their spirit”. All the twelve commanders promised for it but after coming out, two of them kept their footing, whereas other ten commanders told the people, “The people of Syria are not humans but demons, so powerful that neither we looked earlier, nor heard”.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/xTH1_jdLNms