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Description of Tayammum (purifying without water) - Quran Chptr 5-6b (Pt-6 Stg-2) (L–649)-درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 5 – 6b (Pt-6, Stg-2) (L-649) - درس قرآن 

Description of Tayammum (purifying without water)

Surah MAAA-‘IDAH (The Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

 وَإِن كُنتُم مَّرْضَىٰٓ أَوْ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٍ أَوْ جَآءَ أَحَدٌ مِّنكُم مِّنَ ٱلْغَآئِطِ أَوْ لَٰمَسْتُمُ ٱلنِّسَآءَفَلَمْ تَجِدُوا۟ مَآءً فَتَيَمَّمُوا۟ صَعِيدًا طَيِّبًا فَٱمْسَحُوا۟ بِوُجُوهِكُمْ وَأَيْدِيكُم مِّنْهُ مَا يُرِيدُ ٱللَّهُ لِيَجْعَلَ عَلَيْكُم مِّنْ حَرَجٍ وَلَٰكِن يُرِيدُلِيُطَهِّرَكُمْ وَلِيُتِمَّ نِعْمَتَهُۥ عَلَيْكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ (6  b  

6b.  And if ye are sick or on a journey, or one of you cometh from the closet, or ye have had contact with women, and ye find not water, then go to clean, high ground and rub your faces and your hands with some of it. Allah doth not wish to place a burden on you, but He wishes to purify you and would perfect His Grace upon you, that ye may give thanks.
6b.  Wa  ‘in- kuntum  marzaaa  ‘aw  ‘alaa  safarin  ‘aw  jaaa-‘a  ‘ahadum-minkum-minal-gaaa-‘iti  aw  laamas-tumunnisaaa-‘a  falam  tajiduu  maaa-‘an-  fata-yam-mamuu  sa-‘iidan  tayyi-ban-  fam-sahuu  bi-wujuuhikum  wa  ‘ay-diikum-minh.  Maa  yurii-dUllaahu  liyaj-‘ala  ‘alay-kum-min  harajinw-wa  laa-kiny-yuriidu  liyu-tahhi-rakum  wa  liyu-timma  ni’-matahuu  ‘alaykum  la-‘allakum  tashkuruun.

    Commentary

Gaaa-‘ita – (the closet, the descent place), usually human being goes to the privy at any abyss or deep place. Therefore, gaaa-‘iti means a latrine. 

Laamas-tum
 – it is from lam-sah, which has been derived from lamas. It means ‘to touch, to meddle with someone’. Here it aims “to copulate”.

As it has been discussed earlier that, ablution is mandatory before offering the prayer, but use of water harms often to the sick, and sometime it cannot be availed during journey and that, which is available, is necessary to be kept for drinking purpose. In such conditions, if the time of any prayer begins, then what should we do? In this verse, it has been clarified that in such situation, you should do Tayammum. (Purify yourself before prayer with sand or dust when water cannot be had

After intending to acquire pureness, palms of both hands should be spread and kept on pure earth. Then raise both hands and turn them over the face fully. Put both hands again on the earth and after raising them, left hand palm should be turned over the right hand from fingers up to elbow, and palm of right hand – on the left hand from fingers to elbow thoroughly. That’s all, the Tayammum (Purifying before prayer with sand or dust when water cannot be had) has been completed and now you can worship and offer prayer.

Due to eating and drinking, a human being needs to go to closet (latrine) and sometimes gas etc. exhausts from its stomach. These are called little impureness. Ablution is necessary in such conditions. Then ablution is broken when either anyone cause of the above happens or some blood flows from any part of the body or someone has slept for a while. Besides this, there is another big impureness, for which ablution is not sufficient to be pure, but bathing becomes compulsory. If there is need of ablution and taking bath (both), but use of water is impossible, then Tayammum (Purifying before prayer with sand or dust when water cannot be had) is sufficient for the both.
     
Allah Almighty has not placed any burden in the religion for us, but He has eased for every trouble. So we should be thankful to Him and obey His Commandments.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). 
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